Posted: October 27th, 2022

Working Bibliography

I need to do complete a research bibliography  that must have 8 scholarly sources. My subject is: A biblical understanding of marriage an divorce? What are the biblical grounds for divorce? 

RLGN 301

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Research Project – Working Bibliography Instructions

Using current Turabian format, develop a Working Bibliography of at least 8 scholarly sources that may be used to address the research topic. Accompanying each citation must be a 1–3-sentence description of how the source addresses the research problem you identified in the Research Plan. This description must clearly and concisely explain how the source answers the question and state whether the source is primary, secondary, or tertiary. Note that you must carefully read each of the sources you include on this bibliography before submitting the bibliography for grading so that you can determine the usefulness of the sources. The only exception to this requirement would be sources that you have requested through

InterLibrary Loan

that have yet to be delivered. If this is the case, note this on the bibliography with an asterisk at the end of the citation.

The purpose of this initial bibliography is to expose you to a wide array of sources that relate to your topic. It is important to note, however, that it is possible that not all of these sources will end up in your paper. After completing this first phase of research, you will receive feedback from your instructor on the sources and will, quite possibly, remove or add additional sources.

Please note that all of the sources included in this bibliography must be scholarly in nature, meaning that you are not permitted to use a broad internet source as a scholarly source (e.g., Bible Gateway, Blue Letter Bible, etc.). Instead, you must rely on the

Jerry Falwell Library

to find scholarly sources. If you have questions about sources, email your instructor in advance. Any non-scholarly sources included on the bibliography will not count toward the minimum source requirement and will result in a deduction for the assignment.

Submit your assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 3.

Note: All Research Paper submissions must be written in 12-point font, Times New Roman, and must be double-spaced.

RLGN 301

Research Paper Bibliography

Akin, Daniel L. A Theology for the Church. Nashville: B & H Publishing Group, 2014. Comment by Kayla Snow: Review rules for formatting titles. Titles of articles and book chapters go in quotations; titles of books and journals in italics.

“Salvation is the work of God that delivers us from sin and its penalty, restores us to a right relationship with Him, and imparts to us eternal life.”

The part of this quote that is the basis for sanctification is that God “restores us to a right relationship with Him. The whole process of Sanctification is to life a righteous life before God through His Son Jesus Christ. God sent His Son to save us from our sin, to make us righteous, to sanctify us. Comment by Kayla Snow: Good explanation of the relevance of this specific quote. However, the annotations should be more general, explaining the significance of the whole source for the development of your research/argument. Be sure to clearly and concisely explain how each source answers/addresses the question. Also, remember that you should explain whether the source is primary, secondary, or tertiary using the definition from the course text as a guide.

Allen, Michael. “It is no longer I who live”: Christ’s Faith and Christian Faith. Journal of Reformed Theology, January 2013. Vol. 7, Issue 1, pg. 4 – 26.

“There is a Christian life…by faith in the Son of God.”

Christian living comes through a right relationship with Jesus Christ alone. This is the life God had in mind for us when He created us. God wants us to be righteous and have a direct relationship with Him. This is made possible through His Son Jesus Christ.

Chester, Stephen. It is No Longer I Who Live. New Testament Studies, July 2009. Vol. 55 (3).

“As it is, having taken on Himself the sins of the world, Christ is able to give to the believer His righteousness.”

Jesus Christ came to seek and to save the lost of the world. He came and paid the price to sanctify us freely. Christ is able to offer justification and sanctification because He is God’s Son. His purpose was to make us righteous in the eyes of a Holy God.

Elwell, Walter A. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2001. Comment by Kayla Snow: This is okay for preliminary research (as it’s a tertiary source), but it is not a scholarly source that should be included on the bibliography.

“In sanctification, God accomplishes his will in us as Christian life proceeds.”

Sanctification is a continual process. At the point of salvation, we are filled with the Holy Spirit to be our helper and to sanctify us, but it is a lifetime process. As we grow in our faith, we become more like Christ Himself.

Hayes, J. Daniel & Duvall, J. Scott. The Baker Illustrated Bible Handbook. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing, 2001. Comment by Kayla Snow: This is okay for preliminary research (as it’s a tertiary source), but it is not a scholarly source that should be included on the bibliography.

“No one is made right with God by observing the law, but only by trusting in Christ.”

This quote will lead into a historical narrative of Paul and the issues of sanctification and justification he was facing while sharing the gospel. Because of faith in Jesus Christ we now have a direct relationship with God through Him. The purpose of salvation in Christ, is righteousness with God.

Sleeper, C. Freeman. Christ’s Coming and Christian Living. Interpretation, 1999. Vol. 53 (2).

“Everything after Revelation 4:1 is biblical prophecy”, “The function of John’s language is not to educate us about the future, but to teach us how to live now in light of the victory God has promised in Christ.”

Sanctification is not just for here on earth. One day Christ is coming back for His church. Although we are justified and sanctified as salvation, sanctification is a continual process, preparing us for eternity in Heaven. When we live as Christ here on earth, we are preparing our reward in Heaven. This is the promise of Christ.

Towns, Elmer L. Theology for Today. Mason: Cengage Learning, 2008. Comment by Kayla Snow: This is okay for preliminary research (as it’s a tertiary source), but it is not a scholarly source that should be included on the bibliography.

“The Holy Spirit is attempting to make the believer “holy” and “spiritual”.

This quote from Elmer Towns is exactly what sanctification means to a believer. We are to seek to live as Christ did. The way we do this is through the power of the Holy Spirit. When Jesus ascended into Heaven, He promised a helper, the Holy Spirit.

Comment by Kayla Snow: The Bible is, of course, one of your most important sources, but it does not count as a scholarly source.

The Holy Bible, New King James Version. The Woman’s Study Bible. United States of America: Thomas Nelson, 2006.

“I have been crucified with Christ; It is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.”

This verse is the whole basis for my research paper. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who is alive in me. At the moment of salvation, we are immediately sanctified in Christ Jesus.


Thank you for your work on this assignment. I can see that you worked to use the Jerry Falwell Library and were able to access some good sources. There are, however, still a few sources that are tertiary sources, and, as such, are not well suited for the paper. Remember, books like dictionaries, encyclopedias, and textbooks are tertiary sources, making them appropriate for preliminary research, but inappropriate for the paper. Additionally, looking at the bibliography as a whole, I think the research lacks focus, which will likely make it difficult to develop and support a strong, focused thesis. To correct this, I’d suggest identifying what your primary source might be for this paper. For example, if you were writing about the Jesus’ “I AM” statements in the fourth Gospel, then the fourth Gospel would be the primary source. Or, if you were writing on Calvin’s view of justification, Calvin’s Institutes would be your primary source. What do you think your primary source will be? Find that, and then use secondary sources to help you better understand the primary source. Please review these comments, make corrections as suggested, and submit the revised version. If you have questions or concerns, please let me know.


Instructor Snow

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