Posted: November 25th, 2022
Prior to beginning work on this assignment carefully review the
CRJ620 Intervention Plan Scenarios
and choose one that will be the topic for all the assignments related to your Intervention Plan in Week Six. Review the complete instructions for the Final Paper, “Intervention Plan”, in Week Six of the course.
The purpose of this assignment is to assist you in developing research analysis skills including critical thinking, writing, and literature research skills. This annotated bibliography assignment will provide you with an opportunity to locate resources for your Intervention Plan in Week Six.(There is a
Sample Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.)
in the Ashford Writing Center for additional assistance.)
For this annotated bibliography, you will research a minimum of nine sources in total, including at least one each of the following types: peer-reviewed articles, scholarly resources, and professional resources that are considered to have reliable information. (Professional resources exclude popular news sources (e.g., Newsweek, Time, People, New York Times, and any television news source) and online open sourced materials like Wikipedia.) At least six of your sources must have been published within the last ten years with at least three from the Ashford University Library.
Each scenario has a list of resources including news articles providing documented facets of the scenarios. The resources provided with your chosen scenario are permitted to be used as sources for your Intervention Plan, but news articles (even those included with the scenarios) are not permitted for use in the Annotated Bibliography assignment. Thus, it will be necessary to expand into more generalized research in law enforcement or corrections as it relates to your chosen scenario. For this assignment, you are researching for the Intervention plan so locating sources on the following topics specifically related to law enforcement or corrections may prove valuable: management and leadership, corruption, ethics, human resources, professional development, communication, media, community relationships and other topics specifically covered in the Intervention Plan. (Access the
MSCJ Professional Sources guide (Links to an external site.)
for additional assistance with finding appropriate resources.)
The annotated bibliography must include the following for each source.
Who is/are the author(s)?
What was done within the study? (e.g., An experimental study was completed investigating the interaction of short-term memory and attention.)
Who are the subjects of the study?
How was it done?
What were the major findings?
What contributions to the literature were made? (e.g., new findings, applications, etc.)
How does this information relate to the Intervention Plan assignment?
The Intervention Plan Annotated Bibliography
Title of paper
Course name and number
Carefully review the
Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)
for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.
CRJ620Intervention Plan Scenarios
Choose one (1) of the following scenarios around which to create your Intervention Plan. There are two
law enforcement and two corrections scenarios.
Law Enforcement Scenarios
Ferguson, Missouri – Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, was shot and killed on Aug. 9, 2014,
by Darren Wilson, a white police officer, in Ferguson, Mo., a suburb of St. Louis. The shooting prompted
protests that roiled the area for weeks. On Nov. 24, 2014, the St. Louis County prosecutor announced that
a grand jury decided not to indict Mr. Wilson. The announcement set off another wave of protests. In
March, the Justice Department called on Ferguson to overhaul its criminal justice system, declaring that
the city had engaged in constitutional violations.
Resources for the Ferguson, Missouri scenario
• Calamur, K., and Peralta, E. (2014, November 25). Ferguson documents: The physical evidence.
NPR. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2014/11/25/366575509/ferguson-
• City of Ferguson, Police Department. (n.d.). Services and programs. Retrieved from
• Desmond-Harris, J. (2015, March 4). The 6 most damning findings from the DOJ’s report on
racism in the city of Ferguson. Vox Media. Retrieved from
• Ferguson Action. (n.d.). United we fight. Retrieved from http://fergusonaction.com/united-we-
• United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division. (2015, March 4). Investigation of
Ferguson Police Department. Retrieved from http://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/opa/press-
Freddie Gray – On April 12, 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray, Jr., a 25-year-old African-American man, was
arrested by the Baltimore Police Department for possessing what the police alleged was an illegal
switchblade. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to a trauma
center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord. On April 21,
2015, pending an investigation of the incident, six Baltimore police officers were temporarily suspended
with pay. On May 1, 2015, the Baltimore City State’s Attorney, Marilyn Mosby, announced her office
filed charges against six police officers after they received a medical examiner’s report that ruled Gray’s
death a homicide. On May 21, 2015, a grand jury indicted the officers on most of the original charges
filed by Mosby with the exception of the charges of illegal imprisonment and false arrest, and added
charges of reckless endangerment to all the officers involved. Gray’s death resulted in an ongoing series
of protests and civil disorder. A major protest in downtown Baltimore on April 25, 2015, turned violent,
resulting in 34 arrests and injuries to 15 police officers. After Gray’s funeral on April 27, 2015, civil
unrest intensified with looting and burning of local businesses and a CVS drug store, culminating with a
state of emergency declaration by Governor Lawrence Hogan, Maryland National Guard deployment to
Baltimore, and the establishment of a curfew. On May 3, 2015, the National Guard started withdrawing
from Baltimore, and the nighttime curfew on the city was lifted.
Resources for the Freddie Gray scenario
• Aljazeera America. (2015, April 27). Violent clashes flare in Baltimore after Freddie Gray
funeral. Retrieved from http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/4/27/freddie-gray-protests-
• Baltimore Police Department and Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, Mayor. (2014). Baltimore police
department. Retrieved from https://www.baltimorepolice.org/
• Barajas, J. (2015, May 1). Freddie Gray’s death ruled a homicide. PBS. Retrieved from
• Gordon, K. and Sweigard, P. (2015, May 3). Latest updates on Baltimore unrest and Freddie Gray
case. The Sun. Retrieved from
• Hogan, L. J., Governor. (2015, April). Executive order, Declaration of emergency. Retrieved
Corcoran State Prison – 60 Minutes Correspondent Mike Wallace first reported the story of the nation’s
largest prison system, California’s, and on one prison in particular. Corcoran State Prison was being
investigated by the FBI because numerous corrections officers were accused of staging inmate fights,
sometimes wagering on the outcome and then, when those fights got out of control, of shooting the
inmates involved. There were also multiple allegations of prison rapes orchestrated by the corrections
officers as retaliation against other inmates.
Resources for the Corcoran Prison scenario
• California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. (2015). Retrieved from
• Fernandez, E. (1997, December 14). Video of guards killing inmates at state prison. The San
Francisco Examiner. Retrieved from http://www.prisontalk.com/forums/archive/index.php/t-
• Holding, R. (1996, October 28). Officials accused of trying to block FBI investigations, The San
Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from http://jthomasniu.org/class/Stuff/corcoran
• Jacobs, A., (2004). Prison power corrupts absolutely: Exploring the phenomenon of prison guard
brutality and the need to develop a system of accountability. California Western Law Review
41(1), 6. Retrieved from
• Wallace, M. (2006, April). 60II classic: A brutal prison. Retrieved from
The officers and inmates there were part of what officials with the Department of Investigation and the
Department of Correction described as a network of contraband smuggling and other criminality at Rikers
that undermined security at the jail complex and contributed to violence. The search also uncovered
stashes of marijuana, tobacco, and weapons. In just one measure of the rising levels of violence, there
were 1,844 uses of force by corrections officers at the jail complex from January to May 2014, a number
that had doubled for that time period for each of the previous three years according to the Corrections
Department. Also during this period, there were 274 drug recoveries and 868 weapons confiscated, the
Resources for the Rikers Island scenario
• City of New York Department of Correction. (2015). Retrieved from
• Perry, R. (2014, October 29). 3 New York City correction officials to step down amid scrutiny
of Rikers. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.wikiter.com/3-new-york-city-
• Schwirtz, M. (2014, June 24). Corruption sweep at Rikers Island leads to 22 arrests. Religion &
Ethics Newsweekly. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/25/nyregion/2-officers-
• Wulfhorst, E. (2014, July 29). Guards at New York City jail accused of drug trafficking. Yahoo
News. Retrieved from http://news.yahoo.com/guards-york-city-jail-accused-drug-trafficking-
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