Posted: October 27th, 2022

Theory and Crime Prevention

  Focus on the overlap, and differences, between criminology and criminal justice practice. 

Assignment: Theory and Crime Prevention

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This week, you focused on the overlap, and differences, between criminology and criminal justice practice. In this Assignment, you write a paper that provides the opportunity for you to demonstrate your understanding of these concepts and how they are related.

Submit a 600-word paper in which you address the following:

Explain how the classical school of criminal theory differs from the positivist school of criminal theory, ensuring an accurate description of each school within your comparison. (100–150 words)

Next, explain whether society’s laws are based on the classical theory, the positivist theory, or both. Provide three examples. Then, explain the degree to which society’s laws serve as sufficient deterrents for crime. (200–350 words)

Choose a crime that has occurred in the last 12 months in your community, state/province/region, or nation. Based on the classical school theory, explain what change could have occurred to prevent this crime from happening. Based on the positivist school theory, explain what change could have prevented this crime from happening. (300–350 words)

PLEASE READ AND PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO ALL LISTED DETAILS TO FOLLOW

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5

Theories and The Prevention of Crimes

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Theories and The Prevention of Crimes

My comparison between of positivist and classical school of criminal theory. When it comes to the classical theory which was founded by Cesare Beccaria around the late 18th century his proposal with this theory is the eye for an eye punishment when it comes to criminal behavior. The classical theory is something that is being operated today. Unlike the classical theory in the positivist theory which was founded in the around the 19th century by Lombroso who stated and asserted that criminal behavior is something that is either inherited. The criminal’s behavior had a root cause that was link to criminal activity (Justice, 2017).

Law’s today is persuaded on the classical school theory. The first law that is based on classical as a deterrent for future crimes is the three strikes law. The purpose of this law is to prevent a felon that has been convicted of felonies from preventing future serious felonies the consequence of breaking this is that once the person has committed three felonies that they will be sentence to life in prison without any other alternatives (2019).

In the State of Florida they have a law that if you commit a felony and while committing the felony you use a firearm the person will be sentence according to the law that is known as the “10, 20, life law” . If a person is convicted of a felony where it did involve a firearm that was used or just to attempt to use one will result in a sentence of 10,20 or life but the sentence is slightly different with the use of an assault rifle the sentence will be 15,25 or life (Meltzer, 2020).

The crime that I selected to talk about happened in Polk county Florida where three men were murdered as they went on a fishing trip (Ellenbogen, 2020). The three men were beaten and shot as they arrived at their destination to go on their usual night fishing trip. Based on classical theory the thing that could have prevented this crime is that the punishment was a swift punishment and not something that could be as far as 20 years or so off. The fear of facing a possible death sentence that could be carried out as soon as the next day that the sentence was handed down will deter a lot of crimes from happening. Now based on the positivist theory if they would take the fact that the offender had over three hundred felonies those characteristics should have shown them that one day it was going to lead to something even bigger. The offender should not even have the opportunity to even be on the street with that many felonies he is what is labeled as a habitual offender or career criminal.

THIS IS A REWRITE PAPER THAT NEES TO BE 600 WORD COUNT. ALSO, I HAVE HIGHLIGHTED ALL THE IN TEXT CITATIONS AND THE REFERENCE BELOW MAKE SURE YOU CHECK THESE DATES FOR CORRECT INFORMATION THANKS

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References

Justice, C. (2017, July 21). Classifying Crime: Major Schools of Criminology. Retrieved August 09, 2020, from

https://online.seu.edu/articles/classifying-crime-major-schools-of-criminology/

“Three Strikes” Sentencing Laws. (2019, January 29). Retrieved August 12, 2020, from https://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-procedure/three-strikes-sentencing-laws.html

Meltzer, L. (2020, August 11). Attorneys explain Florida’s 10-20-Life Law in West Palm Beach, FL. Retrieved August 12, 2020, from https://www.meltzerandbell.com/florida-criminal-process/10-20-life/

Ellenbogen, R. (2020, July 18). Three men shot, beaten in Polk County triple homicide. Retrieved August 09, 2020, from https://www.tampabay.com/news/breaking-news/2020/07/18/three-men-dead-in-polk-county-triple-homicide-sheriff-says/

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