InChapter 9 of your textbook, you’ve been learning about Carol Dweck’s Theory of Self-Attributions and Achievement Motivation and different types of achievement motivations (p. 388-390). Discuss the two different patterns of achievement motivation described by Dweck and the different attributions children make about themselves regarding their self-esteem.
Then, recall your own attributions for academic successes and failures when you were in elementary school. What are those attributions like now? What messages from others may have contributed to your attributions?
What recommendations would you make to parents and teachers of toddlers/preschoolers, young school age children, and middle school children (7th graders) to foster a mastery orientation and incremental theory of intelligence in children? How should praise and criticism be worded? [Your answer should include recommendations for all three ages.]