Posted: October 27th, 2022

pathophysiology

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Module 6: Endocrine pathophysiology

Purpose of Assignment:

Complications from endocrine disorders can result in wide systemic effects. Analyzing disorders related to the endocrine system can be complex. Consideration of an endocrine case study will help the student learn the complexities of understanding the pathophysiology of an endocrine disorder.

Course Competency(s):

· Determine pathophysiologic alterations that affect the reproductive and endocrine systems

Content:

Using the case study below, prepare a 2-3 page paper.

Diabetes case study

A 21-year old female (A.M.) presents to the urgent care clinic with symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a fever for 3 days. She states that she has Type I diabetes and has not been managing her blood sugars since she’s been ill and unable to keep any food down. She’s only tolerated sips of water and juices. Since she’s also been unable to eat, she hasn’t taken any insulin as directed. While helping A.M. from the lobby to the examining room you note that she’s unsteady, her skin is warm and flushed, and that she’s drowsy. You also note that she’s breathing rapidly and smell a slight sweet/fruity odor. A.M. has a challenge answering questions but keeps asking for water to drink.

You get more information from A.M. and learn the following:

· She had some readings on her glucometer which were reading ‘high’

· She vomits almost every time she takes in fluid

· She hasn’t voided for a day but voided a great deal the day before

· She’s been sleeping long hours and finally woke up this morning and decided to seek care

Current labs and vital signs:

1. What is the disorder and its pathophysiology that you expect the health care provider to diagnose and treat?

2. Describe the etiology of the disorder A.M. is experiencing.

3. Identify and describe the clinical manifestations of the disorder A.M. is experiencing.

4. Identify and describe the expected treatment options for A.M. based on the disorder and clinical manifestations.

Instructions:

Summarize the questions above and formulate what may be happening with A.M. and the expected treatments to improve her condition.

Use at least one scholarly source to support your findings. Examples of scholarly sources include academic journals, textbooks, reference texts, and CINAHL nursing guides. Be sure to cite your sources in-text and on a References page using APA format.

You can find useful reference materials for this assignment in the School of Nursing guide:

https://guides.rasmussen.edu/nursing/referenceebooks

Have questions about APA? Visit the online APA guide:

https://guides.rasmussen.edu/apa

Case study adapted from:

Harding, M.M. & Snyder, J.S. (2015). Winningham’s critical thinking cases in nursing: Medical-surgical, pediatric, maternity, and psychiatric. Retrieved from:

https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ras/detail.action?docID=2072336

.

Grading Rubric:

Points: 13

Points: 14

Points: 15

Points: 10

Points: 2

Points: 3

Points: 4

Points: 5

Levels of Achievement

Criteria

Emerging

Competence

Proficiency

Mastery

Pathophysiology

(15 pts)

Did not include discussion on the pathophysiology of the endocrine system disorder.

Failure to provide pathophysiology will result in zero points for this criteria.

Briefly identify the pathophysiology of the endocrine system disorder.

Clearly identified the pathophysiology of an endocrine system disorder.

Thoroughly identified the pathophysiology of an endocrine system disorder.

Points: 10

Points: 13

Points: 14

Points: 15

Etiology

(15 pts)

Did not include discussion on the etiology of the endocrine system disorder.

Failure to provide etiology will result in zero points for this criteria.

Briefly discussed etiology of the endocrine system disorder.

Clearly discussed etiology of the endocrine system disorder.

Thoroughly discussed etiology of the endocrine system disorder.

Points: 10

Clinical Manifestation

(10 pts)

Did not provide examples of the clinical manifestation of the endocrine system disorder.

Failure to provide clinical manifestation will result in zero points for this criteria.

Briefly provided examples of the clinical manifestation of the endocrine system disorder.

Clearly provided detailed examples of the clinical manifestation of the endocrine system disorder.

Thoroughly provided detailed examples of the clinical manifestation of the endocrine system disorder.

Points: 6

Points: 8

Points: 9

Treatment

(5 pts)

Did not present treatment for endocrine system disorder.

Failure to provide treatment will result in zero points for this criteria.

Briefly provided treatment options for the endocrine system disorder.

Clearly provided treatment options for the endocrine system disorder.

Thoroughly provided detailed treatment options for the endocrine system disorder.

Points: 2

Points: 3

Points: 4

Points: 5

APA, Spelling and Grammar

(5 pts)

Six or more APA, spelling or grammar errors. Detracts from the readability of the submission.

No more than five APA, spelling or grammar errors, minimally detracts from the readability of the submission.

No more than three APA, spelling or grammar errors. Does not detract from the readability of the submission.

No APA, spelling or grammar errors.

Points: 30

Points: 40

Points: 45

Points: 50

Chart information

Vital signs

Blood pressure: 88/46 mmHg

Additional data

Lab results

Glucose: 657 mg/dl

Heart rate: 132 bpm

Respiratory rate: 36/min, deep

Temperature: 101.30 F (tympanic)

Potassium: 6.2 mEq/L

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