WORD LIMIT- 6-7 pages maximum. total 1400-1500 words.
To show an understanding of how structures/systems of misogyny and white supremacist result in violence against women, LGBT, and racialized communities.
Drawing from at least 2 readings from the course, and one film or video from weeks 8-12, explain the structure of gender-based or white supremacist violence. Use direct quotes only. Do not paraphrase.
Describe concrete experiences of actual individuals and situate them in social structures. These structures include the criminal justice system (police, courts, prisons), media, education, the family, or the economy. Or, these structures also include dominant beliefs about identity categories of race, gender, and sexuality. Concepts such as misogyny, transphobia, homophobia, distribution of life chances (Dean Spade), rape culture, or hegemonic masculinity are some of the key terms that you can use in your essay (you need only one, but these are all options).
You can use any film or video covered in the course and any of the recommended or required readings. Lecture slides also provide valuable information and should be scanned for relevant information (hint: if you discuss topics that are covered in slides but do not incorporate the information in the slides then this will impact your grade). You can also use any of the discussion questions as a starting point for your essay.
This is not a research paper. Do not add research materials unless you get approval from the instructor.
CITATION STYLE & BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Write your essay in scholarly format using Chicago Manual Style citations (in-text or footnotes). Information for bibliographies is included in the syllabus.
1. Include your name, student number, the date, course number, and the professor’s name on the top left of the first page.
2. Include a title for your work.
3. Use 12 point Times New Roman font and double space your work.
4. Insert a footer or header with your last name and the page number.
readings are below in pdf.
use, above film and these pdf for essay, no outside resources needed.
Masculinity, Rape Culture,
and Violent Crime
SOCI 210 Winter 2021
● Society where rape is common & mostly unchallenged
● Victim Blaming: Dominant beliefs around sexual assault
that cast suspicion on
and question their life
● Slut Shaming: accusing women of being sexually
promiscuous or wearing inappropriate clothing that led
men to commit rape
1. Based on ability to shape
the world according to
2. Others are understood as
objects that need to be
coerced to following male
3. Ability to control
Last Week Tonight
With John Oliver.
Nominated for the
Supreme Court of
the United States.
of sexual assault
The benefits that you (the white male) believed were
yours by a promise, but were snatched away by unseen
● Belief that following the rules should be rewarded
● Belief that there is a new, unjust system that
bypasses white male ‘merit’ in favor of women and
Haider & the
policing [of a]
● “When that violence is challenged…it produces a
disillusionment with the normative apparatus of
power…[which] transforms masculinity into
something toxic…Rage is the praxis of toxic
masculinities.” Haider, 559.
● Brett Kavanaugh. Senate Judiciary Hearings,
Sept. 27, 2018.
Shooting at Pulse
14 June, 2016.
An embrace of
and gender role
Aggrieved Entitlement &
● Belief that men are suffering from ‘feminazis’ and from
○ Feminazis: feminist attempt to take power from men, and a belief
system based in misandry (term coined by Rush Limbaugh)
● Alan Baron, Men’s Manifesto, 2001
○ Men must defend male domination/patriarchy as the natural order
The “feminazi” and
men’s penis size
Men are victims of
feminism, which is
“natural” claims to
Belief that only a
special class of men
see the truth of a
Keanu Reeves & Laurence
Fishburne. The Matrix. 1999.
media as home to
‘suffering of men’ E.g. The belief that men suffer from an
‘invisible’ forms of domestic violence
Ian Ironwood. The Manosphere: A New
Hope for Masculinity (2013).
Toxic Masculinity: Debbie Ging, pg. 3
● Subordinate (gay) and marginalized (geek/nerd)
masculinities perceived as having no impact, power
or threat, when they often hold anti-feminist &
● Marginalized: Believe they are the “nice guys,” but that
women only reward “Alpha males” who are “not
Marginalized Masculinity and Entitlement
● Negotiation: reject parts of hegemonic masculinity
(the alpha male), but embrace others
● Claim a right to sex and thus to women’s bodies
● Inability to secure sex is a violation of their rights
● Produces a form of toxic masculinity/hatred of
Geek Masculinity. Debbie Ging, pg. 5
● Rejection of aspects of hegemonic masculinity
○ “The Alpha Male” and the “Gentlemen, Elliott Rodger”
● Often targeted and bullied by alpha males, they are
unable to recognize their own negotiated use of
● Use of misogynistic language (9) and attacks online
● Intention & effect of reasserting masculine dominance 11
“Decline of Males”
Elliott Rodger (2014), &
Van Attack in
Toronto, 23 April,
urging women to
2017 and El
descriptions of a
feel free to leave
class if you don’t
want to watch
kills 69 people,
members of the
and Islam as a
threat to European
Targeted what he
Breivik: Defend White Society from
● Feminism seen as a threat to society
● Synonym for “political correctness”: a “suicidal ideology
based on appeasement of Islam”
● Must defend the nation against the genocide of whites
● Portrays the 1950s as a golden age when “men treated
women like ladies, and ladies devoted their time and
effort to making good homes, [and] rearing their
Belief that Feminism Harms Social Order
● Women “want it all. They want more benefits and
rights for themselves. They have been awarded with
everything they could ever dream of achieving. They
now have complete matriarchal supremacy
domestically and exercise substantial influence in
Women as the Enemy
Breivik continues: “you must embrace and familiarise
yourself with the concept of killing women, even very
attractive women” since they make up the majority of the
We must “reintroduce the father as the authority figure
and family head”
Jihadism or Christian Patriarchy?
His vision of a restored social order looks exactly like his
portrayal of jihadism and Islamic society.
He discusses how his “knights” and jihadists share similar
aims, and how they should negotiate a dividing up of the
world into separate spheres: what the far right in America
now calls “racialism”