A special education teacher works collaboratively with the other members of the IEP team to develop intervention plans for students’ problem behaviors that may affect the learning and safety of others in the classroom. The results from a functional behavior assessment are analyzed and used to develop and implement a plan to change behavior based on the function the behavior serves and the needs of the student. Ongoing assessment is needed to determine the success of the intervention.
Review the “Angel Case Study” to inform the assignment that follows.
Part 1: Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)
Analyze the case study, initial data, and FBA data found in the “Angel Case Study.” In 250-500 words, summarize and analyze the findings of the FBA addressing the following:
- Frequency of incidents
- Interaction with peers
- Consequences of the behavior
- Hypothesis for the function of the behavior: Why do you think the student is acting out?
Support your analysis with a minimum of two scholarly resources.
Part 2: Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)
Propose a BIP based on the FBA data provided in the “Angel Case Study.”
In 500-750 words, using the “Behavior Intervention (BIP) Template,” create a behavior intervention plan for Angel that includes the following:
- Three measureable behavioral goals for the student to work toward.
- At least two evidence-based motivational and instructional interventions that teach the student how to adapt his behavior in the classroom, while teaching skills that can also be used in different environments.
- Engaging rewards and reinforcements that encourage quality learning and performance, and provide the student with guiding feedback.
- Specific collaborative steps the special education teacher can take to help the general education teacher implement the interventions and create a safe, inclusive, culturally responsive learning environment that engages the student in meaningful learning activities and social interactions.
- How and at what intervals the team will evaluate the student’s success on his goals.
- Two safety interventions that can be implemented if the student’s behavior escalates and he becomes physically violent while in school.
- How you will maintain student confidentiality during the implementation of the plan.
Support the plan with a minimum of three scholarly resources, in addition to the CEC Ethical Principles and Professional Practice Standards for Special Educators.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies [and professional standards]:
MED in Special Education
Through collaboration with general educators and other colleagues, teacher candidates create safe, inclusive, culturally responsive learning environments to engage individuals with disabilities in meaningful learning activities and social interactions. [CEC 2.1, ICSI.2.K1, ICSI.2.K2, ICSI.2.K3, ICSI.2.K4, ICSI.2.K5, ICSI.2.S1, ICSI.2.S4, ICSI.2.S15, ICSI.7.S6, IGC.7.K1, IGC.7.K4, IGC.7.S1, IGC.7.S2, IGC.7.S4; InTASC 3(a), 3(c), 3(f), 3(k); GCU Mission Critical 1, 3, 4, 5]
Use motivational and instructional interventions to teach individuals with disabilities how to adapt to different environments. [CEC 2.2, ICSI.2.K5, ICSI.2.S2, ICSI.2.S3, IGC.2.S3, IGC.5.S23, IGC.5.S24; InTASC 3(d), 3(e), 3(l); GCU Mission Critical 1, 2]
Explain how to intervene safely and appropriately with individuals with disabilities in crises. [CEC 2.3, ICSI.2.K6, ICSI.2.S10, IGC.2.S4, IGC.2.S5, IGC.2.S6, IGC.6.S2; InTASC 2(h); GCU Mission Critical 2, 4, 5]
Engage individuals with disabilities to work toward quality learning and performance and provide feedback to guide them. [CEC 4.4, ICSI.4.K1, ICSI.5.S14, ICSI.5.S17, IGC.5.S23, IGC.5.S24; InTASC 6(d), 6(f), 6(l), 6(m), 6(q), 6(s), 8(b); GCU Mission Critical 1, 4, 5]
Demonstrate legal, ethical, and quality requirements related to the management of confidential student information. [CEC 6.1, ICSI.6.S1, ICSI.6.S2, ICSI.6.S4, ICSI.7.S1, IGC.6.K1, IGC.6.K6; InTASC 5(k); GCU Mission Critical 1, 2, 4, 5]
Angel Case Study
Angel is an 11-year-old male in your sixth grade inclusive English language arts (ELA) classroom. Angel has been diagnosed with ADHD and a specific learning disability in reading.
Angel frequently gets into trouble in line and during recess. He has been involved in two physical fights with a peer on the playground and has had two in-school suspensions and one out of school suspension for fighting and arguing with adults. His special education teacher is working with Angel on conflict resolution skills. He often argues with peers and adults. During classroom instruction it is not uncommon for him to make side comments to annoy another student. This often results in an altercation, or at least some verbal disruption during class. During ELA instruction, sometimes Angel gets out of his seat to sharpen his pencil. It is not uncommon for him to take something off of another student’s desk on the way back, or make another comment to a peer. Angel rarely completes an entire assignment and often turns in work that is totally blank with just pictures and doodles drawn on the paper.
To determine an appropriate intervention, the ELA teacher collected data for a week to see how frequent the above behaviors occurred during class time. After observing and counting behaviors for a week, the ELA teacher shared the data with you, the special education teacher. A review of the initial data presented by the teacher indicated that the most problematic behaviors in the classroom appeared to be taking something away from students and inappropriate or argumentative comments to peers. The fact that Angel is out of his seat sharpening pencils, taking things away from students and arguing were most likely affecting Angel’s ability to complete work.
After discussing these issues with the IEP team and the general education teacher, the team decided to invite Angel’s parents to a meeting to discuss the need for a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) and secure the signed permission to evaluate. The team discussed the possible hypotheses for the behavior and agreed the function of the behaviors could be task avoidance, frustration, or attention seeking. Once the parents consented to an FBA, the team began the process of ABC analysis of behavior and prioritizing the behavior to target. The behavior was operationally defined so all members of the team could observe and count the same behavior while taking note of what happened before the behavior (antecedent) and what happened after the behavior (consequence) as well as any setting events that might have an effect on the behavior. The team will use this data to identify a hypothesis and rationale to support intervention. This information will also be used to develop a behavior intervention plan.
See the ELA teacher’s initial data below:
Out of seat -sharpening pencil
Taking something from another student
Inappropriate or argumentative comments to peers
Some of the initial Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence (ABC) analysis data collected by Angel’s IEP team. For reference, there are a total of nine incidents in a two-day period.
ABC Analysis Chart
Student is not in his seat or not completing work during ELA class time.
1 – Out of seat sharpening pencil
2 – Taking something from another student
3 – Making comments to peers or adults that may disrupt the class
Teacher gave directions for the writing task and told students they had 10 minutes to complete their thesis statement and supporting details for the passage read
Teacher redirected student
Angel took time searching for pencil. Then slowly walked to the pencil sharpener. After sharpening pencil Angel walked back to desk, but stopped to tell Mario, “What are you looking at? Keep your queer eyes off of me!” Mario replied, “shut up!”
Teacher redirected both students and gave Angel a warning. She also reminded Angel of the classroom rule of using respectful language with peers and adults.
Student was asked to join assigned group for group sharing and critique of thesis statement and supporting details. Teacher passed out rubric for student critique and asked students to move to assigned groups.
Gina yelled, Teacher gave Angel a referral to the front office
Angel sharpened pencil again, then slowly walked to group. After he sat down, he took Gina’s critique form away. Gina replied, “Give it back you jerk!” Teacher intervened as Angel ripped her form in half and threw it at her. The teacher gave Angel a referral to the front office. Angel strolled out without a complaint.
Students are entering ELA classroom at the beginning of the period.
Angel took Mario’s homework assignment off of his desk and hid it in his own notebook while Mario was talking with Teresa.
Teacher told Angel to give assignment back to Mario.
Mario looked for his paper, looked around the room and asked “who took my homework?”
Angel laughed and Mario said, “Give it back!”
Teacher told Angel to give the assignment back.
Teacher was discussing motive of character and how the author used foreshadowing to engage the reader.
Teacher redirects Angel
Angel taps Nick’s shoulder and tells him his fly is open. Nick looks down then tells Angel to “shut up!”
Teacher directs students to turn in homework.
1, 2, 3
Gets attention from peers and redirection from teacher, avoids turning in homework.
He gets up to sharpen pencil. On the way back he grabs Mario’s homework and tosses it on the floor. Mario says, “Stop it man!” Angel laughs. The bell rings. Mario retrieves paper and turns it in. Angel leaves without submitting his homework. As he leaves he says “See you later suckers!”
Frequency of Behavior Graph
Frequency of Behavior Graph
17-Oct 1-Out of seat sharpening pencil 2-Taking something from another student 3-Making comments to peers or adults that may disrupt the class 2 1 1 18-Oct 1-Out of seat sharpening pencil 2-Taking something from another student 3-Making comments to peers or adults that may disrupt the class 1 2 1
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Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) Template
Student Name: ______________________________________ Date: ______________
DOB: __________________ Teacher/Case Manager: _______________________________________
Interventions and Frequency of Intervention
(This will support the teaching and learning of the goal.)
List persons who are responsible for services and monitoring performance.
Motivational and Instructional Interventions
Rewards and Reinforcements
Legal and Ethical Considerations in Maintaining Student Confidentiality
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