Posted: November 25th, 2022


Please complete the attached assignment.

HCI 440: Introduction to User-Centered Design
Assignment 1: Integrated Experience

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Due: Sep 22 2017 @ 11:59 PM
Note: The dropbox for this assignment will NOT be visible to you

until you complete the Academic Integrity Awareness Quiz (‘AI Quiz’)

Over the course of this quarter, you and your team will be designing the interface and user interaction for
a paired Web/mobile integrated experience application. An integrated experience application targets
activities for which users want to: research or learn before the activity; have a virtual guide during the
activity; have a way to record aspects of the activity while they are engaged in it; and, revisit their
experience of the activity once it is over. Examples include: visiting a theme park (e.g., Walt Disney
World); visiting a museum (e.g., the Art Institute of Chicago) visiting a geographic area as a tourist (e.g.,
Chicago or Glacier National Park); taking a tour (e.g., a Chicago Architecture Foundation walking tour or a
more elaborate trip); or virtually anything that can be described by the following activity curve:

A school field trip to the sea- or lakeshore, or to a conservation organization like The International Wolf
Center ( would be a candidate for an integrated experience.

This first assignment is an individual one. It asks you to choose a particular persistent activity as the
target of an integrated experience application. Persistent means that the activity is not tied to a time-
limited event, and has relatively stable characteristics and information associated with it. Visiting the Art
Institute of Chicago would represent a persistent activity (though it often hosts time-limited events); a
festival like Taste of Chicago would not (though it occurs annually). Frequent, regularly-scheduled
activities such as a Chicago Architecture Foundation walking tour would also qualify as a persistent

Your individual assignment is to describe the candidate activity for an integrated experience, including a
justification for its selection; identify and describe any affordances (read Hartson & Pyla, Ch. 20,
‘Affordances Demystified’) that will help the users become involved with and remain engaged with the
integrated experience process across the time span of the activity curve; identify two distinct classes of
users of the integrated experience application; describe a scenario for each user class; create six (6)
hand-drawn sketches related to your ideas; identify potential problems with your activity/application
choice; and describe any insights gained from the work you did on the assignment.

Fall 2018 �1


Note: This assignment is about what you wish to do for an integrated experience application, not how you
will do it. Focus on high-level design aspects in the affordances, scenarios, sketches, and problems, not
on design details. The details will be addressed in later assignments.

Assignment Content
Create a slide deck using the tool of your choice (Apple Keynote, Microsoft Powerpoint, or similar). Each
content item below provides guidance on the number of slides needed for that item. Use bullet lists,
where appropriate, rather than monolithic paragraphs. Feel free to be creative—include illustrations,
graphics, extra sketches, animations, etc., if you feel they help inform the reader of your ideas.

• Opening slide. This should include your name, the class (HCI 440), date, and a title for your
integrated experience application. The title need not be a catchy marketing name—for example,
‘Walt Disney World Integrated Experience Application’ is perfectly acceptable. (1 slide)

• Integrated experience description. Describe your selected integrated experience activity. Provide
enough information so that the reader knows (a) what the activity is, (b) why it is a good
candidate for an integrated experience application, and (c) how users will benefit from an
integrated experience of the activity. If the activity already has some form of integrated
experience available, describe how your application will improve upon or extend the experience.
Be complete, but concise—the equivalent of one or two average-length paragraphs should
suffice. (1-2 slides; bullet points are OK)

• Affordances. Read Hartson & Pyla, Ch. 20, ‘Affordances Demystified’. Here is the sense in which
I use the term affordance: an affordance is a relation between an object and a user, that affords
the opportunity for the user to perform an action. For example, a QR code associated with a
distinctive integrated experience logo that would allow the user to get supporting information at
that point in the integrated experience would be an affordance in this context.
Identify and describe any affordances that will help the users become involved with, and remain
engaged with, the integrated experience process. Potential users must know that an integrated
experience option is available to them; what they need to do in order to participate; what features
and services are available to them before the activity; what they can do as part of the experience
while performing the activity; and what features and services are available to them after the
activity is over. Perhaps the most critical of these is what they can do as part of the experience
while performing the activity—because of other distractions, fatigue, etc., users might forget that
they can enhance their experience both during and after the activity by using the application. (1-2
slides; bullet points are OK)

• Users. Identify and briefly describe two distinct classes of users of the integrated experience
application. For example, for Walt Disney World, parent/guardian and child would be suitable.
These would also be appropriate for the International Wolf Center, but teachers and students
would represent another option. The goal is to identity two users that have different goals,
expectations, and experiences for the activity. (2 slides)

• Scenarios. Describe an integrated experience application scenario for each user. A scenario is a
vignette describing how the user would actually use the application to enhance their experience
of the activity. Focus on the user’s experience using the application to achieve a particular goal.
Refer to the Evernote sample scenario in Module 1 as an example.

• The length of each scenario narrative should be approximately one concise paragraph, similar to
the Evernote example. If appropriate, mention any affordances that are used during the scenario.
For example, “The visitor scans the ‘additional information’ QR code at the exhibit with their
smartphone and…” (2 slides; do not use bullet lists for the scenarios)

• Sketches. Create a number of notational sketches for each of the scenarios. Select three of the
most informative sketches for each scenario. Keep them loose and “roughly rough.” The level of
detail in the examples on slides 1-28 and 1-29 is just right. The intent is to get you thinking

Fall 2018 �2

visually and using sketches to explore and develop your ideas, not to create polished storyboards
or wireframes—these will come later.
Scan or photograph the sketches and include them in the slide deck. Label each group of
sketches for a scenario (for example, ‘Teacher Scenario’ and ‘Student Scenario’), and provide a
title and an explanatory caption for each sketch, as on slide 1-29. Be sure the text and sketches
are clear and legible once the sketches are embedded and resized in the slide deck. It is OK to
put more than one sketch on a slide, if all sketches remain clear and legible. (2-4 slides)

• Potential problems. Identify anything that might cause problems or go wrong with use of your
application. For example, if the application allows in-app purchases of tickets or gift shop items,
this could be a potential problem when children use the application. Propose how you might
mitigate or eliminate the risks you identify. (1-2 slides; bullet points are OK)

• Insights. This item should be completed last, once the other items above are nearly complete or
have been completed. Reflect back on the work that you have done for the assignment, and write
a short description (totaling the equivalent of one or two average-sized paragraphs) of the
insights you gained from the work. For example, if you wrote a scenario first and then drew some
corresponding sketches, did you find that the act of drawing caused you to revise the scenario?
Did thinking about potential problems cause you to adjust your vision for the application? (1 slide
or more, if needed; bullet points are OK)

• 5 additional interactive experience ideas. These can just be bulletpoints- do not need to be
expanded upon

• Blank closing slide. Lets the reader know they are at the end. (1 slide)

Submission Requirements
• Submitted documents must follow the order and content guidelines of the outlined in Assignment

Content, above.
• Include your last name in the submission file filename; e.g., HCI 440 A1 Integrated Experience

(Jones) .
• Submit your assignment to the D2L dropbox by the indicated time and date.

➡ Reminder: Assignments may be submitted up to 48 hours late with a 20% grade deduction.
Assignments submitted more than 48 hours late receive no credit but will be graded as time

➡ Note: The dropbox for this assignment will NOT be visible to you until you complete the
Academic Integrity Awareness Quiz (‘AI Quiz’).

• Documents must be in MS Powerpoint (.ppt or .pptx) or Apple Keynote (.key) formats or Adobe
PDF only. Submission in any other format results in an automatic 20% grade reduction for the

• If you make a submission error, you can resubmit your assignment to D2L; the latest submission
will be the one that is graded.

Fall 2018 �3

General Grading Criteria
For course assignments, I expect high-quality, professional documents, including proper spelling and
grammar. I will use the following specific rubric to evaluate Assignment 1.

Assignment 1 Grading Rubric

Integrated experience description. Clear, complete, and concise; describes what activity is; why it is a
good choice; and how it benefits users.

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Affordances. Identify and describe affordances for involving and engaging user in integrated experience
across activity curve.

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Users. Identify and describe two distinct classes of users with different experience goals and

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Scenarios. Concisely describe an application experience scenario for each of the two users, with detail
similar to example.

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Sketches. Hand-drawn and legible; total of six: three for each of the two scenarios; scenario groups are
labeled; each sketch includes title and caption.

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Potential problems. Identifies anything that might cause problems or go wrong with use of application;
suggests how risks can be mitigated.

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Insights. Reflect on the work done for the other Assignment Content items.

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

All other elements of the template not specifically identified above are correct and complete; document
meets relevant Submission Requirements, is well edited, neatly formatted, and easy to understand and

1 Unsatisfactory 2 Satisfactory 3 Good 4 Very Good 5 Excellent

Individual Criterion Descriptions:

• Excellent (5): Greatly exceeds minimum assignment quantity or quality requirements.

• Very good (4): Significantly exceeds minimum assignment quantity or quality requirements.

• Good (3): Exceeds minimum assignment quantity or quality requirement.

• Satisfactory (2): Meets minimum quantity or quality assignment requirements. A Satisfactory
rating is given when a criterion meets, but does not exceed, the minimum assignment quantity/
quality requirements described in the Assignment Content section of this document and/or in the
assignment template.

• Unsatisfactory (1): Does not meet minimum assignment quantity or quality requirements.

Fall 2018 �4

Overall Assignment Score (a point score of 40 is the maximum):

• Excellent: 40 (normalized score: 100)

• Very good: 32 (normalized score: 90)

• Good: 24 (normalized score: 80)

• Satisfactory: 16 (normalized score: 70)

• Unsatisfactory: 15 or below

• Note: Intermediate scores, e.g, a value of 28, are possible. The formula for converting the points
score to a normalized (0-100 scale) score: (1.25 * points) + 50

Credit: Rubric adapted from material provided by Prof. Craig Miller.

Fall 2018 �5

Appendix: Notes from Previous Assignment 1 Workshops

• Be sure your choice of activity is consistent with the guidelines and examples described in the
Overview section of this document. The activity must be substantial enough to warrant significant
planning beforehand, a diverse and rewarding experience during the activity, and a desire to reflect
on the activity experience afterward. Going shopping at a mall would not be a suitable activity choice;
however, planning a weekend trip to the Mall of America ( would be

• Try to focus on logically-focused activity. In the past, students have found it difficult to create a rich
and rewarding integrated experience for an activity that has a highly diverse number of options. For
example, an integrated experience application for all the National Parks in the U.S. (or all the State
Parks in Illinois or Wisconsin) is too broad. A much more effective approach to the parks problem is to
focus on one or a small set of closely-related parks, for example Glacier National Park (a single park)
or the Lake Michigan parks of the Wisconsin State Park system (a subset of parks that have many
common elements).

• Persistence of the activity is important. It must have a clear, consistent structure over time, and must
have enough complexity to warrant the effort to design and build an application. A one-time or
occasional art festival would not be considered persistent, while Burning Man (
would be.

• Choose your two different users carefully. Two radically different users—such as someone completely
new to a sport and someone who is a fanatic—may not be able to be accommodated within a single
integrated experience app. The features needed to satisfy the two sets of goals may be nearly
disjoint, leading to what amounts to two separate apps.

• Affordances can be passive—such as the QR code example described in the Assignment
Content→Affordances section of this document or active, such as a visual/audible/tactile indication
(for example, a tone and vibration of a smartphone) that an identified point of interest is nearby.

• Assume that any technology you need to provide the integrated experience can be made available for
the application. For example, if your activity is indoors where GPS is unavailable—such as a large
museum—and your application needs user location information, then you can specify that
strategically-placed RFID tags in the museum are needed for the application, even if they are not
currently installed.

• The orientation of the your work in the assignment should be toward someone who is not familiar with
the activity, rather than someone who does the activity or is involved with offering the activity. For
example, pitch your work toward a venture capitalist who might be interested in funding an integrated
experience application in return for sales revenue and/or a cut of purchases made through the app.
You don’t need to choose a particular target audience for your pitch—don’t tailor it to a venture
capitalist, for example—but do pitch it toward someone unfamiliar with the activity whom you wish to
– Corollary 1: Provide enough background to help someone understand the attraction of the activity

and why an integrated experience app would be a great idea.
– Corollary 2: There is no need for great detail about the activity. Provide just enough detail so that

the reader feels ‘warm and fuzzy’ about understanding the activity, but is not an expert.

• The sketches need not tell a full story or scenario, though it is OK if they do. The sketches can
represent unrelated snippets of ideas that helped you think about the problem.

• Avoid including any detailed interface design in your sketches. Keep any interface sketches—for
example, in POV shots—minimal. Use the Module 1 sketch examples for guidance.

Fall 2018 �6

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