World Religions Study Exam Study Guide

EXAM REVIEW HRF3O1 Sinferior 1 Approaches to Profession 1. Clear-up the import of the succeedingcited terms; * Ascetic, Agnostic, Polytheistic, Monotheistic, Devotional Impulse, Sacred, Secular, Animism and Humanist Ascetic: One who exercitations very accurate devotions using disconnect of hermitism. Agnostic: A peculiar who doubts that ethnicals can distinguish the entity of a implicit God and the implicit entity of everykind past this appropriateality. Polytheism: Conviction in past than one God. Monotheistic: Believing in simply one God. Devotional Impulse: The all propel to esteem in colossus past ourselves. Sacred: Connected delay profession. Secular: Connected delay or related to the individualateative globe. Animism: The attribution of a govern director to plants, animals, essenceclose objects, and probtelling phenomena. Humanist: An neutral of ethnicalism- an prospect or plan of design that designs ethnicalkind, rather than metaphysicality or profession, as the origin of all esteem or import. 2. Clear-up the peelred (or nonmessage of one) betwixt profession and ethnicity. Profession is primarily disturbed delay convictions, reverentials and exercitations, age ethnicity refers to a peculiar’s origins, career, amelioration but not necessarily his or her profession. . Settle Pop Culture. Furnish ins of the govern on unwritten concepts of profession. Pop Culture: Commercial amelioration domiciled on beggarly gustation. A privative govern that pop amelioration has had, would be the privative picture we bear of Muslims, labeling them all as terrorists, domiciled on a diminutive youngster. 4. Settle Amelioration and relate how it is literary. Culture: The arts and other manifestations of ethnical metaembodied consummation treasured indiscriminately. Amelioration is literary through our fountain, our initiate, our chums, and our assemblage. Things that desigcommonwealth what we acquire culturally could be laws, or assemblage’s expectations of us, our “class. ” 5. Identify the globe’s 3 “Great Religions”. Why are they meditateed “Great”? Islam, Christianity and Judaism. They are geographically disperse, old, sundry-sided scriptures, sundry attributes of revere, mingles the roles of vulgar. 6. Identify 3 reasons vulgar reach the insufficiency to exercitation profession. Vulgar reach the insufficiency to exercitation profession out of fright, out of portent, to counter-argument questions, to imsinferior them a superinguard in appropriateality, it aids them confront themselves, etc. 7. All mortality plans portion-out some “universal” similarities. Identify and lucid-up 3 of these. Organized institutions, Church, Synagogue, Mosque, attributes to exercitation their professions. Rules of commence; the Five Pillars, the Ten Commandments, etc. , rules they must thrive to superinguard them in appropriateality. Invioltelling writings or scriptures; the origin of genuineity for their exercitations and convictions, or a invioltelling written narrative. Other ins would be a conviction in the succeedinglife, deliverance, conceptions that congruous cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered & misfortune, etc. 8. How does profession furnish twain collective similarity and collective repress? It could furnish collective similarity accordingly it brings vulgar concertedly, imtonnage them colossus to do, colossus to esteem in, most professions are domiciled off of conceptions of cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misfortune, so if someone exercitations this, they allure be opposed to reocean cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered, consequently making collective aspects rectify too. It could furnish collective repress anew, accordingly there are rules to be thriveed in that profession, and through narrative there bear been attempts to apply everyone into a unmistaktelling profession, or attributes that bear a narrate profession, produces the profession a way to repress the vulgar. . Clear-up the separation betwixt Veracity and Opinion. How could you publish if someone is sunderiality? Fact: A kind that is infalliblely the instance. Opinion: A design or discernment arrangeed environing colossus, not necessarily domiciled on veracity or distinguishledge. You could publish someone is sunderialityed if they bear had a earlier proof that produces them attenuated a unmistaktelling way, or if they got inaccurate genuineity from somewhere. Someone is usually sunderiality is they bear an extravagant theory- either confident or privative. 10. Furnish 2 ins each of a chief origin and a unleading origin. A Chief Origin could be an auto biography, or an interdesign delay the peculiar whom you’re talking environing. A Unleading Origin could be the Bible, or a documentary domiciled on colossus that occured in narrative. 11. Clear-up the separation betwixt Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism. Ethnocentrism: Conviction in the independence of one's own ethnic assemblage. Cultural Relativism: Inclicommonwealth the ways of other ameliorations and not judging these exercitations according to one's own cultural ways. Abprimary Intellectuality 1. Settle Residential initiates. What was the design of these initiates? Residential initiates were initiates that Abprimary end were grievous into, and were abused, age vulgar practised to identify them into European amelioration, by separating them from their parents, their phraseology and their amelioration. 2. Settle Wilful Government. What did the Indian Acts of 1895 permit? Self-Government: Government of a gregarious sinferior by its own vulgar. They permitd Abprimary vulgars to imsinferior up their amelioration and adopt “clear ways. ” 3. What is Oral History? Relate the Native designs of Creation vs. our own. Oral Narrative is the message of stories and closeons of narrative by momentous fluently, listening and inclination. Abprimary Creation stories usually mingle disconnectal essences or animals, where our Creation stories usually end from a greacriterion Creator. Sinferior 2: Early Ethical Zoroastrianism 12. Identify the author of Zoroastrianism Zarathustra was the author of Zoroastrianism. 13. Clear-up the 3 similarities Zoroastrianism has delay one of the “Big 3” professions. (Great Religions) It is very old, it is monotheistic and esteems in one greacriterion kind/god (Ahura Mazda), a conviction in an succeedinglife, i. e. , cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered vulgar lay-out their succeedingpersonality delay Ahura Mazda, and bad vulgar lay-out it delay Angra Mainyu. (Parallels cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misfortunes guardencies. ) 14. What is the reason of essence for Zoroastrians? Essence signifies the mortality. 15. Where is Zoroastrianism origins to be plant geographically? It began in Azerbaijan, Iran encircling 1700 BCE. 16. What are the two ocean gods in Zoroastrianism? What occurs to the “soul” succeeding indemnify in Zoroastrian convictions? The two ocean gods are Ahura Mazda, the cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered god and greacriterion motive, and Angra Mainyu, the bad god and mishazard essence of indemnify and fury. 17. Clear-up the Zoroastrian indemnify reverentials. The bodies are attributed in Dakhmas where the bones are valutelling cattenuated by vultures. 18. Clear-up the dispositionism used in the Faravahar. What does each sinferior individualate? The Faravahar, is to reinclicommonwealth one of the design of appropriateality on this globe, which is to subsist in such a way that the director wayes mortalityly and acquires combicommonwealth delay Ahura-Mazda. Center Circle: Represents the director of the uncombined. Wings: Apportion the director to way and encircleate. Five layers of wings individualate the five mortality songs (Gathas) of Zarathustra, the five divisions of the day (Gehs), and the five senses. Hanker Curved Legs: Represents the opposing forces of cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and misfortune. A encounter occurs betwixt the two and a peculiar must elect which method to thrive. Tail: Helps the director to counteract itwilful betwixt these forces (enjoy a rudder). Three layers of the servant individualate:1. Good-tempered designs2. Good-tempered commissions3. Good-tempered curb Head: Every director has generous valutelling to either comply or discomply the mortality probtelling laws. Accentuation in Hands: Symbolizes the cycles of rerace on this globe and planes the director can endure. Jainism 1. In what ways does a Jain complete deliverance/liberation? They must be amply hermit and monasticism. A method to easydom (Moksha) consists of: i. Right Perceptionii. Right Knowledgeiii) Right Commence They must surmount individualateative entity to indemnify onewilful from Samara (the cycle of races and re-births) 2. What is Sallekhana? Compare delay anorexia. Sallekhana is the deliberate indemnify by fasting. Anorexia is an eating quackery where a peculiar refuses to eat for fright of gaining avail, or to lavish avail. Mentally it imtonnage the prey repress when they reach they can’t repress other aspects of their appropriateality. Compared to Sallekhana, anorexia is a invisible quackery where the peculiar doesn’t conceive anypast that they can die from not eating, versus Sallekhana, where the peculiar is tendency to complete easydom through fasting, and is a mortality judgment to dissociate onewilful from the individualateative globe by starving themselves to indemnify. . Clear-up Karma, Moksha, and Samsara, and Atomism in the tenor of Jainism. Karma: The sum of a peculiar's exercises in this and earlier narrates of entity, designed as deciding their doom in coming entitys. Moksha: Indemnify from the cycle of rerace impelled by the law of karma. Samsara: The cycle of indemnify and rerace to which appropriateality in the individualateative globe is jump. 4. Identify 3 Rules of Commence for a Jain and lucid-up them. a. Ahimsa (Non-Violence, through design direct or commission) b. Celibacy c. No pilfeaccentuation 5. Sketch the disposition for Jainism and lucid-up each sinferior of the condition. Taoism 1. What does “Tao” medium? How is this intermediate in Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism? Tao mediums “The Way”. Confucianism one best oceantains the Tao via alignment delay holding collective esteems, so settled by romance and cultural morays. Taoism esteems that by to thrive the Tao you must ‘sit and do button’, ‘go delay the flow’ as we can’t bear repress balance the way. The Shinto romance focuses on the revere of the genuine to the aliecommonwealth of the unchaste, and focuses on disposition, although there is no Tao. 2. Clear-up the reason of Huang Di, Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu for Taoism. Huang Di: The primeval direct of author for Taoism. Lao Tzu: Wrote the Lao Tzu and is one of the most ‘famous’ authors of Taoism. Chuang Tzu: He wrote the Tao Te Ching. 3. What is the leading separation betwixt Eastern Ethical and Western Ethical in your theory? Western professions obstruct a eminence that ethnicals are the most leading, where Eastern professions guard to esteem everykind is quick, and has a director. Western professions esteem in a greacriterion motive, Eastern professions guard to esteem that disposition is mortality, and that there is no one god. In Western professions the origin of flattereouskind and deliverance are through a interdependence delay the greacriterion motive, or “God”, past Eastern professions esteem that genuineity and easydom is delayin oneself. 4. Sketch a Yin-Yang in your notes. Identify 3 purposes for each. The diminutive foe in each account individualates that there is a sunsubstantial bit of sombre in unsubstantial and badness versa. 5. What is Wu-Wei? Furnish an in. Wu-Wei mediums do button, let disposition catch its plan. If someone occurs you don’t enjoy, don’t try to combat it, it’s probtelling to occur and you’ll be messing delay appropriateality’s probtelling cycle if you try to plug it. . Why is Taoism disturbed delay embodied vigor? Furnish ways that embodied vigor is promoted Among Taoists. Taoism esteems that to sustain the association genuine (the vessel of the essence) that you are so kind vigory mortalityly. Kind embodiedly vigory aids your inclicommonwealth reocean lucid. Confucianism 1. What did Kung Fu Tzu (Confucius) proof that made him so revered? Confucius proofd heartache. His senior died when he was a toddler, and his dame died flourishing on. He was born out of wed-lock, and was “kicked out” of him fountain. Confucius was peel of a loner, kind monster, and ‘ugly’ didn’t bear sundry chums. Confucius proofd repudiation from vulgar of agency but never plugped opposed. Vulgar disregard Confucius for his information flattereous-balanced when he had such a severe appropriateality. 2. What is the “Golden Rule”? Was Confucius a author? The Golden Rule is a enactment of presumptive and ethics. "What you do not desire for yourself, do not do to others. " Confucius was a author, past he esteem that no substance what dispose, vulgar should be connoisseurd domiciled on their temper (intellect, tuition), instead of looks , agency or wave. 3. Identify and lucid-up the 5 values. 1. Ren: The value of passion, passion, and ethnicality. . Yi: Honesty and uncombined-mindedness. 3. Zhi: Reality 4. Xin: The value of event and rectitude 5. Li: Correct carriage, or honestness, cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered behavior, gentility, rite, revere. Shintoism 1. Why is compaaccentuation Shintoism to other professions intricate? There is no author, no reverential use of scripture, and no organized instructings. It is seen past as folklore and mythology. 2. How is Shintoism subduetelling and abundant-minded? 3. Identify the ocean deities in Shintoism. Who were their upshot? Who was most indicative? Izanagi-no-Mikoto (brother/husband) and Izanami-no-Mikoto (sister/wife). Their upshot was Amaterasu, goddess of the Sun and Universe. Amaterasu was the most indicative. 4. What is a torii portico? What is the design of the portico? A torii portico marks the transition from a pollute attribute to a invioltelling attribute and is usually the inlet to a Shinto Shrine. 5. How is disinfection plain in Shinto reverential and supplication? Cleanliness is an leading sinferior of Shinto and precedently enteaccentuation any invioltelling attribute on must be genuine. Cpropensity individualates disinfection, and precedently enteaccentuation some shrines, you must purge your aperture out at a appropriate rank. 6. What precisely do Shintoists revere? Shintoists esteem in revereping the probtelling globe to fir comportionment, similarity and repose delay its essences and deities through supplication and reverential. In their design, presumptive and embodied immaculateness is a basic law. Shintoists revere Kami, mortality kinds, gods/goddesses who reside-in the breathe-into, the premise, the air, all sunders of disposition. 7. What are the leading Shinto varieties? Folk Shinto: A looser arrange of Shinto, not so mingled, and rockd past encircling the basic gods and myths of Shinto. Narrate (Shrine) Shinto: There was reason that the emperor was a mortality kind, kind a issue of Amaterasu herself, making him a direct of God. Sect Shinto: Practices the revere of Kami, through shrines offern to sundericular Kami. Sinferior 3 : Eastern Ethical : Hinduism and Buddhism 1. What did the Aryans bear to do delay the origins of Hinduism? The Aryan settlers created poems and flourishing texts on reverentials and philosophy. Aryan devotional design flourished betwixt 1500 to 500 BCE and was symbolical in a assemblage of works denominated Vedas, which are meditateed Hinduism’s leading invioltelling writing. To this day, Hindus meditate the Vedas to be the authoritive scripture. 2. What does “you are that” medium? What is a Puja? You are that” refers to the Hindu conception that everykind and everyone is Brahma. That by revereping other gods, you are honest revereping Brahma accordingly he is anything. That you are so Brahma (in a way) accordingly Brahma is anything. Puja is a vulgar approval reverential that mingles tenderings of flowers, wave and other articles to deities 3. Who was Mahatma Ghandi and how did Jainism govern him? Ghandi was a reposeful director who esteemd that kinds can be completed or persistent in a reposeful way. He esteemd that you could be anewst colossus, or ascertain colossus, delayout kind furious, succeedingcited ahanker delay Ahimsa in Jainism. . What are Bindi and Tilak? What can they medium for Hindus? The Bindi is the individualate the third eye, and to invigorate the 6th Chakra, is decrepit by married women to affectness they are married and should be respected as such. Tilak is a sandalwood paste, in which there are irrelative colours, and when decrepit in irrelative colours, or fashions on the aspect, it affectnesss vulgar what God you revere. 5. Identify the 3 ocean Hindu Gods. Brahma; the Creator, Vishnu; the Preserver, Shiva; the Destroyer. 6. What are the laws of Manu? What did this medium for Women? It is a law bulk that affirms the Hindu concepts of dharma, direct, and the immodest enlistment of appropriateality. It deals delay devotional exercitation, law, and politics. Brahmins sanction this, but it is exceptional by other directs. For women this mediums they are expected to thrive the rules of the Manu, which mediums carriage sons, never kind delayout a man’s intercourse, having to do unwritten cooking and genuineing, etc. Direct of repressed. 7. Identify and relate the ocean Hindu Goddesses and their associates. Saraswati: Goddess of acquireing and the arts, which is why she is depicted obstructing a bulk and a melodious record denominated a veena. She rides a swan or peacock, her condirect is Brahma. Parvati: Dame Goddess, revereed as Shakti, or dameish essence. Changes into Durga or Kali according to irrelative levels of imbitter, individualateing the irrelative levels of Shakti. She is Shiva’s associate. Lakshmi: Goddess of wave, flattereousbeing, and cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered hazard. 8. What is the Ramayana and what is the reason? An Ballad which comprises 240 000 verses. It is the romance of Prince Rama, who is revereped throughout the Hindu globe as the 7th avatar of God Vishnu. The ballad individualates the fixed indispositions betwixt cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered and mishazard forces, where cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered flattereous-balancedtually prevails. Intro. To Buddhism: 1. Why is Buddhism endly past beggarly in the West? Buddhism is endly past beggarly in the West accordingly it contents a mortality useclose that “Western” professions can’t content. It is past of a philosophy and can invoke to anyone. It apportions the conception that anyone can complete easydom through the exercitation, anew not ceremonies enjoy Western professions guard to rencircleate encircling, i. e. cogitation instead of pavilion, reposeful behaviour instead of preaching convictions, etc. 2. What does Buddhism emphasize? Buddhism emphasizes practicing the instructings rather than to enlist in rite in reverential. There is so a abundant reason on cogitation. . What does Buddhism esteem environing vulgar in pursuit of veracity? 4. What is Buddhism’s final sight? The final sight is to end ethnical wilful-denial Origins: 1. When and where was Buddhism planted? It was planted in India, 6th Century BCE. 2. Who was Siddhartha Guatama? What does his spectry medium? Siddhartha Guatama was the author of Buddhism. Siddhartha mediums “the one who has completed his sight. ” 3. Relate Siddhartha’s hyperphysical race. What did the Brahmins say environing Queen Maya’s dream/the baby? What did King Suddhodana hop for his son and how did he guard him from the “real” globe? Siddhartha was conceived as a baby clear elephant, and his dame could see him in the womb. Succeeding 10 months of carrying the baby, his dame gave race attenuateding anewst a tree, which lowered its twig to aid her duaccentuation labour. Succeeding he was born, breathe-into poured from the sky the bathe him and his dame, though he was severely scanty. Succeeding his race, he took 7 steps and said, “This is my ultimate race. ” The Brahmins told Queen Maya that she would imsinferior race to a son, and that if he sanctioned the globe, he would beend King of all India, but if he exceptional the globe, he would beend a mediator of men. The King Suddhodana was past assiduous in his son endly a king, so he made certain Siddhartha had everykind he could haply shortness, and shielded him from wilful-denial, so that he sanctioned the globe. 4. What altertelling Siddhartha at the age of 29? Relate what he saw. Siddhartha discovered wilful-denial. The primeval day he went outaccount the palace he saw an old man. The next day, he saw a man paradoxd delay disorder. The third day, he saw someone interfeaccentuation a cart delay a dust on it, thriveed by a grieving dame and her end. The ultimate day he saw a friar, who seemed enjoy he had been through the severeships of appropriateality, but sanctioned them delay repose and serenity. He genuineized that he too insufficiencyed to reresolve this paradox to appropriateality. So he left his aidmeet and son in the intermediate of the confusion. 5. What steps did Siddhartha catch to confront an counter-argument on appropriatealitystyle estimables? What was his falsification? What did he acquire environing commissions? What narrate did he complete? Primeval he judgment-out inferior Hindu hermits until he had literary all that they could instruct. He then became an hermit, giving up globely sensualitys and eating simply a bean a day to survive. Siddhartha was clavish to indemnify from fasting precedently his chums came and fed him. He genuineized that too greatly damage was as injurious as too greatly wilfulindulgence, and the conception of “the Intermediate Way” was born. . What does Buddha medium? What did he esteem environing one’s peculiaral deliverance? Buddha mediums “the extensive one” or “the awakened one. ” He esteemd that everyone has to confront their own easydom-which is delayin us all. 7. What Hindu aspects did Buddha sanction and exclude? The Buddha exceptional the direct plan, Hindu reverentials and tenderings to gods, theories, phraseology of Sanskrit (he used Pali), nirvana kind simply implicit for Brahmins, the antecedent of the Vedas and the Upanishads. Concepts that he sanctioned are those in the conception of reincarnation. 8. Relate the Primeval Sermon. Define dharma, bhikkus, sangha and bhikku sangha. The Primeval Discourse was when Siddhartha went end to the 5 hermits and told them environing this “Middle Way”, publishing them how neither extravagant was cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered- but that the method to easydom was one of sobriety. This was his primeval instructing, so it is distinguishn as the Primeval Sermon. Bhikku: A amply ordained friar who has left his abode and renounced all his proceeds in direct to thrive the way of the Buddha. Sangha: The beggarlywealth of Buddhist friars and nuns. Bhikku Sangha: The beggarlywealth of amply ordained friars and nuns. 9. Relate Buddha’s indemnify. What did he say to his thriveers? What narrate did he complete? When he was balance 80 years old the Buddha took a poisoned asceticism and ate- flattereous-balanced though he knew it was poisoned, honest to be reserved. He lie on his indemnifybed, wrapt by his thriveers, and he spoke : “In all my appropriatealitytime, two asceticisms insist out greatest: one was the asceticism that I ate precedently I sat inferior the Bo tree, succeeding which I beggarly genuineity; the other, toconfusion at the abode of my beloved chum, Cunda, succeeding which I smoiety assent-to NiNana. ” And he died. Buddhist Beliefs: 1. How is Buddhism an introspective profession? What do Buddhist instructings purposeed? Buddhism is an introspective profession accordingly it is internal, not concrete. It is domiciled off one’s discernment, and proofs, not “good” or “evil. ” It focuses on rectifying oneself, rather than changing the kinds encircling them. Buddhist instructings purposeed that nokind is persistent, so why enrage, balance colossus when everykind is steadyly changing and we can’t plug it. 2. Relate women in Buddhism? Who is Buddha Tara? Women in Buddhism are as resembling as men. They are undisputed to beend nuns, and are undisputed to exercitation in open. It is esteemd that women are so telling to complete nirvana, honest as greatly as men are. The Buddha Tara is a condition in Buddhist instructings- who vowed to catch rerace as a dame until she became a Buddha. 3. Anicca, Dukkha, and Anatta are the characteristics of what precept? What do they medium? Anicca(Impermanence): individualates the conception that the globe is in a fixed motion and that nokind remains the corresponding for hanker. Evanescence is a fundainvisible content of anything. Dukkha(Dissatisfaction): individualates the conception that all ethnicals and animals proof wilful-denial. Embodied and invisible indisposition, are cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered ins. Feelings of natural flattereouskind or pleacertain do not hold past these reachings simply ultimate for a designationed equality of duration. Dukkha touches everykind in appropriateality. Anatta(no-self): is the judgment that we cannot purpose to any one kind in ourselves and say it is our wilful. No uncollectively sinferior of the association, is a ethnical, simply the sunders put concertedly produces the flattereous peculiar. That is the corresponding in that our inclination, association, and essence produce up our “self”. These three kinds are the “Three Characteristics of Existence. ” They produce up everykind outaccount nirvana. 4. Buddha shortnessed to confront the account of unwellkind and its treatments. What did he end up delay? What are the accessible themes? The Buddha plant that wilful-denial is account by tendency and repugnance. It is accountd by our discernment. . The 5 Precepts are the “rules” that Buddhists thrive. What are these rules? List the concomitant precepts friars/nuns mark. The Noble Eightfold method is compartelling to what according to the film Ethical of the World? 1. Abstain from killing or harming govern kinds 2. Abstain from pilfeaccentuation 3. Abstain from indecent sexual commence 4. Abstain from deceptive discourse 5. Abstain from initiative alcohol and drugs (Additional precepts) 6. Abstain from eating succeeding noon 7. Abstain from looking at dancing, singing or drama 8. Abstain from the use of perfumes and kinds that guard to deck and invest a peculiar 9. Abstain from using comforttelling beds 10. Abstain from sanctioning gold or silver 5. Who/what are the Three Refuges? What does each individualate? The Three Refuges AKA the Triple Jewel, are the Buddha (the superintend), the dharma (the method) and the Sangha (companions and instructers. ) 6. Who exercitations the Six Perfections? List the Six Perfections. A Bodhisattva exercitations the Six Perfections which include: giving, presumptiveity, submission, vigour, cogitation, and tuition. Symbols and Icons: 1. What does the Rock of Personality individualate? What is plant in each foe? Who has repress balance the foe? The Rock of Personality individualates the infinite cycle of races and violent rebirths (samsara. )The close foe obstructs a bird, a pig, and a snake. These individualate the ethnical badnesss that sustain the rock spining- avaricious, unfamiliarity, and invidiousness. The sight is to surmount these badnesss. The prevent accentuation affectnesss the arranges we catch when we are reborn. The clear half affectnesss Heaven, the bnonmessage affectnesss Hell. The third accentuation affectnesss the sundry regions into which one can be reborn. They individualate genuine attributes and are not metaphors for narrates of inclination. This accentuation includes proofs we may bear as ethnicals, i. e. wilful-denial/pleasure. The pictures in the external foe individualate the twelve accounts of infinite rebirths: the old, join peculiar is unfamiliarity, the potter creating a pot mediums exercises, the friarey climbing the tree of samsara individualates sensation, the man rowing a boat mediums spectry and arrange(body), a lineage delay six doors and windows mediums the senses, a man and dame excluded mediums contiguity, the arrow in the eye mediums reaching, the man drinking alcohol depicts tendency, the friarey grabbing production illustrates avaricious, a women in labour depicts entity, a baby kind born indicates race, and finally a man carrying a dust individualates aging and indemnify. The Rock of Personality is held in the teeth of Yama; the Lord of Death, and there is no uncollectively kind inaccount the rock who is outaccount the repress of indemnify. Simply the Buddha is outaccount the rock, purposeing at the moon dispositionizing nirvana. 2. What is the Mandala used for? What friars are required to produce Mandalas? What occurs to the Mandala succeeding it is used? Age the Mandala is kind made it is used for supplication and cogitation. When it is artistic, friars recount chants and supplications precedently it is swept far, which dispositionizes evanescence. 3. What governs the portrayal of Buddha pictures? When did these pictures initiate to pop up? There are pictures of Buddha to aid thriveers bear-in-mind their method, and to bear-in-mind the import of his instructings, and honour his restore as a peculiar, and the veracity that he veracity that he escaped Samsara. The pictures are to reinclicommonwealth Buddhists, bear-in-mind, and to honour. 4. Exercitation the 9 irrelative Mudras and distinguish what they individualate. 5. What is plant in the Stupas? Relics of the Buddha and other devotional conditions are plant in the Stupas. 6. Relate how Lotus flowers dispositionically individualate ethnicals. The confidence is that some of the flowers are bogged down in the mud, and some environing to confusion. The similitude is that all vulgar bear the ability to unravel their implicit and stir from an undesirtelling appropriateality. 7. What are Buddhapadas? Spectry 2 dispositions plant on them? Buddhapadas are the individualateations of Buddha’s footprints, and are revered in all Buddhist countries, esteemd to be attributes where Buddha perspicuous. Symbols could be the Buddha, or invioltelling rocks on the “soles” of these footprints . Practices, Rituals and Festivals: 1. What is karma? How did the film Ethical of the Globe settle it? Karma: “Action” or law of account and effect; the recital of one’s designs and exercises, which determines one’s doom in the next appropriateality. 2. What are the vulgar tenderings and what do they individualate? Flowers- accordingly as they fail and wilt, they emphasize the judgment of evanescence. Exasperate Sticks- consume in the abode and the pavilion to dispositionize the Buddha’s “odour of godliness. ” Unsubstantial of a candle- individualateing Buddha’s genuineity. 3. Compare Buddha, Dhamma, and Sanhga Day. Buddha Day: Celebrated on the full-moon day of May, enclosing the conviction that the race, genuineity, and indemnify of the Buddha occured on this day. People subjoin on the premises of the monasteries, bringing flowers, lit candles and exasperate sticks. They stalk encircling the ocean moiety three durations age reciting the Three Refuges. Dhamma Day: Celebrated on the full-moon day of July, kind the day of the Primeval Sermon, vulgar subjoin and tender wave to friars, nuns and novices in Deer Park. At confusion, vulgar imsinferior wave to the impecunious, mark the Five Precepts, and exercitation cogitation. Sanhga Day: Celebrated on the full-moon day of March, perpetuates two leading flattereous-balancedts in the Buddha’s appropriateality. The primeval was the decree of the basic principles of Buddhist instructings, and the prevent was a discourse denominated the Basis of Success. Wave is tendered to friars, and vulgar enlist in cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered karma accumulating activities. Escort mark the Five Precepts and atguard a discourse at the monastery. Groups and Institutions: 1. Compare the 3 ocean initiates: Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana. Theravada: Skilled in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. Considered the primary and past stationary initiate of Buddhism. Simply recognizes Tripitaka, as scripture. Focuses on the instructings of Buddha, not Buddha himself. They rely on cogitation and insight to acquire nirvana. They esteem that ethnicals are uncombineds, the key value is tuition, professions is for friars, the conceptionl kind is the Arhat, that Buddha is a prizer, and supplication through cogitation. Mahayana: Skilled in China, Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. A past generous initiate, and see Buddha as a mortality kind. Reason on Bodhisattvas. They esteem that ethnicals are mingled delay others, that the key value is sympathy, profession is so for lay vulgar, the conceptionl kind is Bodhisattva, Buddha is saviour, and supplication for beg. Vajrayana: Skilled in Tibet, Bhutan, and Nepal. Focuses on reverentials, such as mantras, and individualateative creations resolute to Buddhism such as mandalas. Focuses on the Dalai Lama, who is their mortality director. 2 . Where is Zen exercitationd? What does it emphasize? What are koans? Zen in exercitationd in the Rinzai School, and the Soto initiate. Koans are paradoxs used to criterion students on their genuineity. Sinferior 4: Western Religions: Judaism and Christianity Judaism 1. Define: Tanakh, Torah, and Talmud. What is the separation betwixt these? Tanakh: The Jedesire Bible consisting of the Torah, the Prophets, and the writings. Torah: Refers to the Law of Moses as flattereous as the intermission of the Hebrew Scriptures and the all conviction plan of the Jedesire conviction. The direct Torah is frequently translated as import “law”, but a past accurate translation is “teaching” or “instruction”. Talmud: Rabbinic instructings adventitious from the Mishnah. It is the ocean origin of Jedesire instructing from the medieval age to the offer. The Torah is the primeval five bulks of the Tanakh, the Hebrew bible. Distinguish to Christians as the old criterionament. The Talmud is a assemblage of rabbinical commentaries on the Hebrew bible, Jedesire narrative, and other such kinds. You can meditate the Talmud to be an encyclopedia of remark. 2. In a few purposes irrelativeiate betwixt the 4 ocean Jedesire denominations. 1. Orthodox Judaism: Orthodox Jews esteem that God gave Moses the flattereous Torah (Written and Oral) at Mount Sinai. Orthodox Jews esteem that the Torah comprises 613 mitzvot (commandments) that are joining upon Jews. Late Orthodox Jews accurately mark halakhah (Jedesire Law), but honest blend into late assemblage. Ultra-Orthodox Jews, which includes Chasidic Jews, accurately mark Jedesire laws and do not blend into late assemblage by surroundings distinctively and govern distributeially. 2. Stationary Judaism: Stationary Judaism oceantains that the conceptions in the Torah end from God, but were epidemic by ethnicals and comprise a ethnical content. Stationary Judaism openly sanctions the joining disposition of halakhah (Jedesire Law), but esteems that the Law should subdue, absorbing aspects of the prevalent amelioration age holding penny to Judaism's esteems. 3. Rearrange Judaism: Rearrange Judaism esteems that the Torah was written by irrelative ethnical origins, rather than by God, and then flourishing collectively. Age Rearrange Judaism does not sanction the joining disposition of halakhah (Jedesire Law), the actuate does hold greatly of the esteems and ethics of Judaism as flattereous as some of the exercitations and amelioration. Reconstructionist Judaism: Reconstructionist esteem that Judaism is an "evolving devotional humanization. " In one way it is past generous than Rearrange Judaism - the actuate does not esteem in a peculiarified nature that is easy in narrative and does not esteem that God chose the Jedesire vulgar. In another way Reconstructionist Judaism is close generous than Rearrange Judaism - Reconstructionist may mark Jedesire Law, not accordingly it is a joining Law from God, but accordingly it is a valutelling cultural bit. 3. Clear-up the reason of the succeedingcited vulgar in the unromantic unravelment of Judaism; Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, the Rabbis. Abraham was instructed by God to actuate to a appropriate plant to discipline a commonwealth. God chose Abraham and promised to bclose him and produce him a “great commonwealth”. The conception of God’s Covenant. Duaccentuation the duration of Moses, God’s Covenant took on a new import. The Mosaic ties would bear God furnish His vulgar delay the Ten Commandments that would apportion him to sustain his Covenant. Moses came to Mount Horeb, denominated the mountain of God in the Bulk of Exodus. He encountered God through a consumeing bush. God biblical that the cries of the Israelites had been heard and that they would be set generous through Moses. (Passover). David scored a estimate of soldierly victories balance his enemies and flattereous-balancedtually fired Jerusalem as his excellent city. Solomon built a pavilion that would accommodate as a capital of revere for the Jedesire conviction for the next millennium. Rabbi: A Jedesire schoolman or instructer, chiefly of the Law, a peculiar appointed as a Jedesire devotional director. 4. What are Kashrut and Terafah? Kashrut: The Jedesire dietary Laws; the easy adherence to the rules of kind Kosher. Terafah: nonkosher: not conforming to dietary laws. 5. Relate the Jedesire reverentials. What are some of the “items” used in Jedesire reverentials? Synagogue, Kiddush, minyan, yarmulke, tallis, tefillin, Shabbat, Rosh Hashannah, Yom kippur, Hanukkah, Pesach, Seder, chametz, Haggadah, circumcision. 6. Explain how twain God and those of the Jedesire conviction upobstruct the Covenant. The conception of the Covenant is that the Jedesire vulgar are God’s vulgar and sinferior of His Covenant. In spin they must do His allure to be in His Covenant. 7. Clear-up Mitzvah, Barakhah, and Halakah. Mitzvah: A command from God; the act of performing a cheerful-natured-natured-tempered-natured-tempered-tempered commission. The most flattereous-notorious mitzvoth are the Ten Commandments. Barakhah: A enriching. Halakah: The allowable sinferior of Talmudic erudition, an explanation of the laws of the Scriptures. 8. Clear-up Bar Mitzvah and what it mediums for a young Jedesire boy. Bar Mitzvah: The devotional inception rite of a Jedesire boy who has reached the age of thirteen. This mediums they can now be a sinferior of the Minyan. Christianity 1. Identify the avail of the succeedingcited on the appropriateality of Jesus Christ and Christianity: Augustus Caesar, Pontius Pilate, Pax Romana, The Sanhedrin, Roman Tolerance, Constantine. Augustus Caesar was the Emperor when Jesus was born. Pontius Pilate was the Roman Governor who directed that Jesus be crucified. Pax Romana was a duration when Rome was very agencyful and proportionately reposeful, duaccentuation which Christianity various eagerly. The Sanhedrin: The highest flatter of honestice and the greacriterion bureau in oldfashioned Jerusalem. The Roman sway had a tolerance for Christianity apportioning it to disperse duaccentuation the durations of the Pax Romana. Constantine was a Roman Emperor who applyed to Christianity. 2. Summarize the succeedingcited: Lent, Easter, Christmas, Epiphany, Ascension and Pentecost. Lent is a 40 day age of duration, in which Christians imsinferior up colossus, dispositionically individualateing how Jesus went into the wilderness for 40 days. Easter is the holiest Christian misemployment, celebrating Jesus’ Resurrection. Christmas is the day celebrating Jesus race. Epiphany, twelve days succeeding Christmas, used to perpetuate the disclosure of Jesus as God’s son at the duration of his baptism in the Jordan River. When the Devotional essence granted the apostles delay mortality gifts and abilities fifty days succeeding Easter apportioning them to go into Jerusalem and declare their conviction enthusiastically. 3. Contour the fundainvisible convictions of Christians as contour in the Nicene Creed of 325 CE. They esteem in one God, and that Jesus Christ is His son. That Jesus smoiety end anew delay celebrity to connoisseur the govern and the torpid, the conviction in the Devotional Spirit, the comprehensive and apostolic pavilion, and the acknowledgement of baptism for the excuse of sins. 4. Who wrote the Gospels of the New Testament? Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. 5. In what ways is the Comprehensive conviction “outwardly” purposeeded? Through the Pope, one of the most flattereous-notorious devotional directors in the general globe. It is not honest domiciled on one’s own conviction and conviction, but so through one’s exercises and how they discourse, declareing their conviction, making it distinguishn through design, direct and exercise. . Identify the Sacraments of Christianity (i. e. Confirmation). Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist. 7. What was the Great Schism? What accountd it? What was the upshot? The Great Schism was a rend betwixt the Eastern and Western Church, accountd by oceanly the sanctioned or repudiation of the Pop and his antecedent, and the filioque account, using “ and the Son” at the end of the Nicene Creed, where as other assemblages esteemd that the Devotional Essence proceeds simply from the Devotional Father, and not from the Son. This upshoted in the two assemblages to disjoined and beend their own denominations. 8. What was the Protestant better? Clear-up the separation betwixt Catholicism and Protestanism. The Protestant Better was the rearrange of the western pavilion in ascertain to its exercitations. Orthodox and Roman Churches had steadyly focused on the avail of twain conviction and works, Protestantism is the conviction of deliverance through conviction fragmentary, which spined the conviction internal, rather than focusing on extraneous sings.