Welding fumes are a common occupational exposure. Several different welding fumes can cause similar adverse health effects. Personal sampling of a welding operation at a manufacturing facility produce


Welding vapors are a contemptible occupational charybdis. Several contrariant welding vapors can account common obstructive bloom goods. Personal sampling of a welding production at a manufacturing adroitness executed the aftercited 8-hour time-weighted mean (TWA) results for personal metal vapors. Metal Vapor Result OSHA PEL ACGIH TLV Antimony 0.05 mg/m³ 0.5 mg/m³ 0.5 mg/m³ Beryllium 0.00001 mg/m³ 0.002 mg/m³ 0.00005 mg/m³ (I) Cadmium 0.025 mg/m³ 0.1 mg/m³ 0.01 mg/m³ Chromium 0.02 mg/m³ 1 mg/m³ 0.5 mg/m³ Copper 0.03 mg/m³ 0.1 mg/m³ 0.2 mg/m³ Iron Oxide 0.5 mg/m³ 10 mg/m³ 5 mg/m³ (R) Magnesium Oxide 0.02 mg/m³ 15 mg/m³ 10 mg/m³ Molybdenum 0.003 mg/m³ 15 mg/m³ 10 mg/m³ (I) BOS 4301, Industrial Hygiene 3 Nickel 0.25 mg/m³ 1 mg/m³ 1.5 mg/m³ (I) Zinc Oxide 0.3 mg/m³ 5 mg/m³ 2 mg/m³ (R) (R) Respirable ingredient (I) Inhalable ingredient Briefly digest the pristine bloom goods associated after a while overcharybdis to each symbol of metal vapor, including twain sharp and continuous bloom goods. Explain what analytical methods you would use for evaluating bloom hazards in the workplace. Identify the symbols of metal vapors that would fruit common bloom goods on an unguarded worker. Assume that each listed metal can account respiratory delicacy. Use the equation in 1910.1000(d)(2)(i) to proportion the equipollent charybdis (in kinsman to OSHA PELS) for the metal vapors after a while common bloom goods fixed on the “Result” post in the consultation over. Discuss whether you appreciate any of the personal metal vapor charybdiss or the combined charybdis exceeds an OSHA PEL or an ACGIH TLV.