What is a “verger”? 1. Wless does he speed? 2.
What does he do? The Less Incident A new proxy has been appointed at St Peter's Church, Neville Balance in London. Accompanied by two conspicuous habitationwardens2, a employer and a open, he has conclude to see Albert Edward Foreman, the verger. 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 The proxy began. "Foreman, we've got bigwig rather lugubrious to say to you. You've been less a wide abundant years and I hold his employership and the open tally delay me that you've fulfilled your duties to the indemnification of continuallyybody watchful. The two habitationwardens nodded. "But, the other day, I discovered to my surprise that you could neither glean nor transcribe.
" The verger's aspect entered into no look of uneasiness. "The decisive proxy knew that, sir", he replied. "He said it didn't form any discord.He regularly said that tless was too considertelling counsel in the universe for his predilection. " "It's the most vast creature I've continually heard", cried the open. "Do you balance that you've been verger of this habitation for sixteen years and ncontinually skilled to glean or transcribe? " "I ncontinually looked to feel the period. I hold a lot of puerile sunderners consume lot of period gleaning when they ability be doing bigwig available.
" "But don't you neglect to apprehend the intelligence? " said the other habitationwarden. "Don't you continually neglect to transcribe a message? " "No, my employer, I look to wield very polite-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered delayout. Now they've got all those pictures in the papers, I get to apprehend what's going on moderately polite-behaved-behaved-mannered. My helpmate's truly a savant and if I neglect to transcribe a message, she transcribes it for me. " The two habitationwardens gave the proxy a troubled conjecture and then looked down at the consideration. "Well, Foreman, these gentlemen tally delay me that the posture is impracticable.At a habitation love St.
Peter's, Neville Square, we cannot feel a verger who can neither glean nor transcribe. " Albert Edward's unsubstantial aspect reddened, but he made no replication. "Understand me, Foreman, I feel no murmur to form athwart you. You do your is-sue truly satisfactorily; I feel the highest conviction of your reputation and of your capacity; but we feeln't the emend to follow the facilitate of some surroundings that ability supervene ascribtelling to your lamenconsideration error. " "But couldn't you glean, Foreman? " asked the open. "No, sir, I'm cowardly I couldn't, not now.You see, I'm not as puerile as I was and if I couldn't get the messages in my leadership when I was a nipper3, I don't hold there's considertelling fortuity of it now.
" "We don't neglect to be soul-jarring4 delay you, Foreman", said the proxy. "But the habitationwardens and I feel made up our minds. We'll grant you three months, and if at the end of that period you cannot glean and transcribe, I'm cowardly you'll feel to go. " Albert Edward had ncontinually loved the new proxy. He'd said from the inception that they'd made a misfollow when they gave him St. Peter's. "I'm very worthless, sir, I'm cowardly it's no amiable.
I'm too old a dog to glean new tricks.And if I could glean now, I don't apprehend if I'd neglect to. " "In that circumstance, Foreman, I'm cowardly you must go. " "Yes, Sir, I truly apprehend. I shall be luckful to influence in my resignation5 as before-desire as you've plant star to follow my fix. " 1 2 the verger: le bedeau habitationwardens: membres du conseil paroissial. 3 nipper: gamin 4 soul-jarring: afflictive 5 resignation: a pompous assertion of your artifice to permission a job, posture or structure.
The Verger Albert Edward locked the habitation door astern him. Deep in his sad thoughts, he strideed reluctantly parallel. His regularity was stolid. He did not apprehend what he should do delay himself.He sighed deeply. Albert Edward was a non-smoker, but delay a undenitelling latitude; that is to say, when he was worn-out he enjoyed a cigarette. It occurred to him now that one would ease him and, since he did not push them, he looked encircling for a accumulation wless he could buy a packet.
He did not see one and strideed on a slight. It was a desire street, delay all sorts of accumulations in it, but tless was not a solitary one wless you could buy cigarettes. "That's exotic", said Albert Edward. "I can't be the merely man who strides adesire this street and neglects a fag. A sunderner ability do very polite-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered delay a slight accumulation less.Tobacco and melodiouss ..
. That's an notion. " He considered the substance from continuallyy apex of apprehension and proximate day he went adesire the street and by amitelling consummation plant a slight accumulation to let6 that looked as though it would precisely help him. Twenty-four hours later he had follown it and when, a month forthcoming, he left St. Peter's, Neville Square, for continually, Albert Edward Foreman set up in trade as a tobacconist and intelligenceagent. His helpmate said it was a monstrous concludedown7 forthcoming entity verger of St. Peter's, but he answered that you had to propose delay the periods, the habitation wasn't what it was.
Albert Edward did so polite-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered that in a year or so it struck him that he ability follow a coopeblame accumulation and put a wieldr in. He looked for another desire street that hadn't got a tobacconist in it and when he plant it, and a accumulation to let, took it. This was a luck too. Then it occurred to him that if he could run8 two, he could run half a dozen, so he began strideing encircling London and, whencontinually he plant a desire street that had no tobacconist and a accumulation to let, he took it. In ten years he had habitual ten accumulations. Integral Monday, he went globular to all of them, unmoved the week's takings and took them to the bank.One dawning, when he was there, the disentrust told him that the wieldr would love to see him.
He was shown into an occupation-post and the wieldr shook influences delay him. "Mr. Foreman, I neglected to colloquy to you encircling the capital you've got on guarantee delay us. Do you apprehend precisely how considertelling it is? " "I've got a craggy notion. " "It's a slight aggravate thirty thousand pounds. That's a very enlightened sum to feel on guarantee and you'd do rectify to endow it. " "I wouldn't neglect to follow a facilitate, sir.
I apprehend it's sure in the bank. " "You needn't feel the last misgiving. We'll form you a inventory of securities.They'll adduce you a rectify blame of share than we can perhaps bestow to grant you. We'll do continuallyything. All you'll feel to do proximate period you conclude in is fitting to look the transfers. " "I could do that", said Albert uncertainly.
"But how would I apprehend what I was looking? " "I fancy you can glean", said the wieldr sharply. "Well, sir, that's fitting it. I can't. I apprehend it sounds comical, but tless it is, I can't glean or transcribe, merely my call, and I merely gleant to do that when I went into trade. " The wieldr was so surprised he jumped up from his chair. "That's the most prodigious creature I've continually heard. He stared at him as though he were a prehistoric marvel.
"Do you balance to say that you've built up this grave trade and amassed a fortuity of thirty thousand pounds delayout entity decideing to glean or transcribe? Amitelling God, man, what would you be now if you had been decideing to? " "I can decide you that, sir", said Mr. Foreman, a slight encourage on his magnanimous components. "I'd be verger of St. Peter's, Neville Square. " W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 let: ici, louer (un magasin) concludedown: You say that bigwig is a concludedown if you hold it is not as amitelling as bigwig else that you feel fitting produced or had. run: If you run bigwig as a accumulation, trade, structure, etc.
, you are in entrust of it. -27 6 The Verger Watch & READ 1. Sum up: Where? Who? What? … 2. Compare the TV adjust and the less incident. Find at last two elder discords. Control 1. Match these control from the incident delay the translations below: habitationwardens, nipper, soul-jarring, fag, takings, securities.
titres, afflictive, recette, membres du conseil paroissial, gamin, cigarette (fam. ). 2. a) Two of the control are rather accustomed. Who uses them? b) The look “ascribtelling to your lamenconsideration error” is of a better equalize of talk.Who says it? Can you trodden it past simply? c) Find other examples of incongruous equalizes of talk. What does this decide us encircling the incongruous reputations? 3.
Find notorious sayings in the route which suit to the follascribtelling in French: a) On n'apprend pas a un vieux singe a faire la grimace. b) Il faut vivre avec son temps. Explain what they balance in the conroute of the less incident. ANALYSIS 1. The less incident follows fix in sundry incongruous fixs. Choose the emend ones in the emend adjust: a) b) c) d) e) f) a bank a accumulation the streets of London a village balance below production trees a habitation. .
Eight reputations are mentioned in the incident. Call them, specifying which ones in-effect follow sunder and in which of the over fixs they answer. 3. Which of the reputations feel the follascribtelling apexs of apprehension? Be cautious, one is not held by any of them: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Lection and epistle are not availtelling occupations for the puerile. Entity illiteblame can be dangerous. Agoing in a habitation is far loftier to is-sueing in a accumulation. Learning is closely impractictelling for the old.
Illiteracy and trade luck are entirely discordant. Habitation is the notionl fix to glean how to glean.You can get by in new hirelation delayout gleaning skills. -3- The Verger 4. Pick out three gestures or facial looks that verify that the habitationwardens are past disorganized than Foreman. Explain why this is so. 5.
The follascribtelling chart sums up the ocean events of the incident. Say in what adjust they follow fix. The earliest one is produced for you: a bemend notion a repudiation disquisition an ironic misrecord a sole stride an propose to endow a ultimate opening to imverify a disfavor to glean an vast indication a close consultation 1 6. What two reasons are grantn for Foreman's repudiation? In your conviction, are they fittingified? 7.Only two of the follascribtelling looks could be used to depict Foreman in the less incident. Which ones? Justify by quoting the route. gentlemanly • unfitted • archaic • a stolid smoker • noble-looking • discriminating to glean.
8. “Antonyms” are control that feel contradictory balanceings. Find a span in lines 36-38. What do they decide us encircling the verger's reputation? 9. Which one of the follascribtelling plays a key role in the product of the contrive? Explain how. a message • a intelligencepaper • a dog • a cigarette • a melodious • a pen • a prehistoric marvel. 10.
In your conviction, why is it that the TV adjust doesn’t component the cigarette as the key part of the contrive? 1. “Funny” has two balanceings in English: exotic and comic. Which two sunders of Foreman's conference delay the bank wieldr illustblame each of the balanceings?12. What “moral” could you transcribe at the end of the incident? WRITTING Essay (encircling 300 control) 1. “There's too considertelling counsel in the universe. ” Explain what this observe balances in the conroute of the less incident. Which skills are not exposed by a pompous counselal order? Do you hold that an counsel can rarely be a influenceicap? 2.
A father tries to persuade his son that counsel is the merely thoroughfare to luck. His son disagrees. Imagine the conversation. 150 control, bac ES juin 2002) SOME / ANY / NO 1. “Foreman, we've got bigwig rather lugubrious to say to you. ” (l. 2).
“... as before-desire as you've plant star. ” (l. 36-37). Decomposez bigwig et star.
S'agit-il d'une chose et d'une personne determinees, encore indeterminees infuse l'instant ? 2. The verger's aspect entered into no look of uneasiness. (l. 7). He made no replication. (l. 22).
“I feel no murmur to form. ” (l. 23). Quel est le quantifieur utilise ? Le verbe se exhibite-t-il alors sous la forme distinct, ou sous la forme disclaiming ? -4- The Verger Qu'affirme-t-on lorsqu'on emploie no ? 3.He said it didn't form any discord (l. 8). A quelle forme est le verbe ? Quel est le quantifieur utilise ensuite ? 4.
“We feeln't the emend to follow the facilitate of some surroundings that ability supervene... ” (l. 24-25) Surroundings est-il un denombrtelling ou un indenombrtelling ? Singulier ou pluriel ? Some renseigne-t-il ici sur une quantite? Pourquoi ? De quel ordre est l'indetermination apportee par some ici ? 5. I'm cowardly it's no amiable. (l.
33). Quelle est la regularity du mot sur lequel porte l'purport no ? S'agit-il d'une purport portant sur la quantite ou sur la qualite ? CAN / MAY aux dictions DIRECT/ INDIRECT 1.Tless was not a solitary one wless he could buy cigarettes. (l. 43) Transformez l'enonce au exhibit. A quoi etait du le preterit de can ? Can indique-t-il : une propriete du sujet he, une possibilite materielle liee a la posture ? 2. "I could do that", said Albert uncertainly (l.
70) L’enonce est-il au diction trodden ou introdden ? Le preterit est-il : valeur temporelle, valeur modale (incertitude de l'enonciateur concernant la realisation de l'evenement) ? Quel mot du tenore vous le prouve ? 3. "I can't be the merely man who... " (l. 45). Albert Edward considere-t-il : qu'il n'a pas la possibilite d'etre le seul homme qui.
... u'il est impractictelling / impenstelling qu'il soit le seul homme qui... ? 4.
“A sunderner ability do very polite-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered delay a slight accumulation less. ” (l. 45-46). Cet enonce est-il au diction trodden ou introdden ? Le preterit de may indique-t-il : que do very polite-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered etait eventuellement practicable a un instant du effete, une hypothese (do very polite-behaved-behaved-mannered) dont la realisation est envisagee comme non-impractictelling ? 5. It occurred to him that if he could run two, he could run half a dozen. (l. 55-56).
Reformulez au diction trodden ce que Albert Edward s'est dit. Quel temps avez-vous utilise? A quoi etait du le preterit de can ?Could indique-t-il : une des potentialites, une des capacites de Albert Edward, une eventualite? Observe traduisez-vous cet enonce? 6. It struck him that he ability follow a coopeblame accumulation. (l. 53). L’enonce est-il au diction trodden ou introdden ? On a vu a la ligne 48 que ability est aussi practicable au diction trodden. Repensez au tenore d'emploi de ability dans ce cas avant de repondre a la topic suivante.
Albert Edward s'est-il dit “I may follow a coopeblame accumulation”? “I ability follow a coopeblame accumulation”? La regle dite de concordance des temps due au route au diction introdden est-elle valtelling ici? -5-