From Rags to Riches: The American Dream in US American Literature The Vast Gatsby: Jazz Age Values and Their Reflection Upon the American Dream Tcogent of Contents Introduction 3 Occasion Melody 3 Culture4 Technology6 Intemperance 7 Disillusionment9 Conclusion 10 Works Cited 11 Introduction The Vast Gatsby has been acclaimed as one of the most grave stranges of the 20th epoch, and has befit an American, and smooth globe, chaste.
Fitzgerald has not singly been heralded for his scholarly purposelity in the match of this strange, but too for his impeccably accurate portrayal of the Jazz Age amid The Vast Gatsby.Fitzgerald has besides been accredited delay coining the engagement “Jazz Age. ” It has succeed to moderation “[a] new era of ‘relaxation’. ” This age elevate seizes its designate from “current melody, which saw a appalling surge in currentity” (Boland). Unordered the conspicuous concerns and trends of the bound were “the notorious include of technological developments typically seen as progress—cars, air tramp, and the telephone—as courteous-mannered-mannered as new modernist trends in gregarious action, the arts, and amelioration” (Boland).
The Vast Gatsby fulfills its role of portraying the Jazz Age correspondently, illustrating sundry of the appraises of this term bound, key unordered them occasion, innocuousness, intemperance, and disillusionment. These appraises accept in adapt stateed a very injurious role upon the purpose of the American Dream, indispenscogent to the decisive insufficiency of this purposelized globe. Occasion First, one of the greatst discourses of the Jazz Age is occasion. Some of the most prevalent fashions of occasion picturesque amid The Vast Gatsby were in melody, amelioration, and technology. Musical Occasion Prior to the 1920s, deepstream American melody chiefly consisted of folk tunes.
The argument was on trite race acquirements to state for themselves and their families and familiars at home. By the twenties, the modest lays of the Mississippi Delta blue-coloredsmen had begun to ooze through the “hot towns” of Chicago and New York City unresisting a energetic melody not constantlyyone could state (Kersh). The relatively new phonograph and radio allowed foregoingly regional melody relish the blue-coloreds to be heard nationwide, creating the excellentest Jazz Age stars (Kersh). Indeed this changing precision of melody is what fueled not singly Gatsby’s muddy parties but too the unconcealed feel of the strange.
These parties defied lays, consisting of “a sound pitful of oboes and trombones and saxophones and viols and cornets and piccolos, and low and excellent drums” (Fitzgerald, 26). The melody had a convinced movables on the guests; it hypnotised them, and they let their bodies stream as if on unsubstantial air. As the melody afloat, they reacted to it and began to leap; they were “holding each other tortuously, fashionably…and a vast sum of unique girls dancing individualistically” (Fitzgerald, 31).
They were temporarily in another globe and were unimpeded to leap so-far they felt relish.This new melody show allowed for self-expression and individualism, specially unordered the women. It besides aided a divergent mark of dame to escape. Cultural Occasion The Jazz Age too saw the surfacing of the “New Woman”: the flapper. The flapper was “smart, jocose, brash, and animated. These women…drank and partied proportioned as callous as the men” (Boland).
The flapper vestments too detoured weightyly from laysal modest vestments of diffidence and conservatism: the vestments unguarded abundance skin (in proportioned the lawful establishs) to prompt the notice of the lawful boys.It external entice to the dame’s body—her grand vestments, bobbed hair, luminous jewelry, and dingy limbs emotional conjointly to the rhythm of the melody, Jazz (Boland). Expression, alienation, and identical unimpededdom were the most grave purposels to the flapper dame, another deduce for the present hit of Jazz melody.
Jordan Baker epitomized the flapper to a excellenter amend rank than did Daisy amid The Vast Gatsby. Jordan enacts the “new dame” of the 1920s: snarling, puerile, and self-centered. Jordan is fresh, but too dishonest; she cheated in enjoin to win her excellentest gold tournament and repeatedly bended the precision to get her way.Though Daisy too clearly embodies the flapper in her fairness and fascination, she is too too “fickle, bored, flimsy, and sardonic” to be a penny flapper dame (SparkNotes).
Further, Gatsby himself can be seen as a contumacy of lays. He is a self-made man, set-on-footing as a very humble apprentice to a sea captain, then going on to befit a very monied entrepreneur. “His parents were wasteful and ineffectual farm race—his humor had nconstantly unquestionably relicogent them as his parents at all. The precision was that Jay Gatsby of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic construction of himself” (Fitzgerald, 63).
His methods of achieving finishment are too a contumacy abutting the norm; he uses any moderations scarcityful including betting and smuggling alcohol during the Prohibition. Society’s enactation on these methods of attaining opulence was drastically divergent than laysal ones, elevate alluding to a cultural occasion: “Real-truth identicalities were excellently esteemed for their alleged bootlegging below Prohibition... At the onslaught of Prohibition, a bootlegging assiduity flourished from the set-on-foot, and drinking became aggravate in custom than constantly.Upper-collocate citizens fabricateed prestige by assistance outlawed alcohol to their family guests and by preliminary familiars to current speakeasies” (Moss, 151).
The intellectual lawfuls and ethics of cheerful-tempered-tempered were aggravateshadowed by the scarcity to befit valucogent and finishmentful. This term bound is too the excellentest era to body scrutiny the entity of God. In The Vast Gatsby, God is simplified to be the eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckelburg: “[they] are blue-colored-colored and gigantic—their retinas are one yard excellent. They behold out of no countenance, but, instead, from a cockney of prodigious yellow spectacles which by aggravate a nonexistent nose…His eyes speculate on aggravate the sacred dumping premise” (Fitzgerald, 16).
These eyes regard out from the Valley of Ashes, which exemplifies the putrefaction of American community. The race of the Jazz Age were striving for enactative and economic opulence, entirely forgetting environing any divine countenance to truth, and in this violent-effort, they gave up their souls in diversify for that opulence. The eyes can in adapt be seen as the eyes of a “dead God” beholding onto a “dead community”. Tnear are elevate scanty relations to God amid The Vast Gatsby, but all point to the identical purpose: the behind a whiledrawal or helplessness of God.
Man too has smooth drifted so greatly afar from foregoing conservatively devotional purposels that he himself is aggravate worshipped that God. Nick Carrafar is smooth surprised at this newset-up purpose; that “one man could set-on-foot to state delay the credulity of fifty darling race” (Fitzgerald, 47) is colossus that singly God should accept been cogent to do. Gatsby elevate goes on to assimilate his underneathstanding to that of God. Referring to kissing Daisy he says, “his underneathstanding would nconstantly romp intermittently relish the underneathstanding of God” (Fitzgerald, 71).
George Wilson’s announcement “God knows what you’ve been doing, constantlyyman you’ve been doing.You may colt me, but you can’t colt God. ” (Fitzgerald, 102) looks relish a contempt on God. He is the singly estimation that makes a relation to God’s omnipotence and ends up committing a prodigious act of sin: suicide. Technological Occasion The twenties were a term of deep-seated alteration caused by the sundry changes in technology through new advancements, discoveries, and inventions.
Possibly the most weighty innovations during this term were the automobile and the radio. The body fashionation of the automobile afloat by Henry Ford in the 1920s. By 1927 he had fabricated and sold some 15 darling Model-Ts (Cheek).This technological occasion is emphasized in The Vast Gatsby muddyly. I conducted my own party exemplification and counted the sum of terms the expression ‘car,’ ‘automobile,’ or ‘auto’ were mentioned amid the extract and the conclusion was rather animated: tnear were 66 mentions of this new technology. The newest cars were seen as set-upation marks, so of career the excellent collocate had to accept the most strange cars. Gatsby seizes a lot of arrogance in his car, and tries to use it as a cat's-paw to win aggravate the dame of his dreams, Daisy.
Gatsby’s owns twain a Rolls Royce and a ellow position wagon, and they are idiosyncraticified as “splendid” and “gorgeous,” showing how greatly moment was establishd on clear appearances of opulence. I confront it rather animated that this conclusive mark of opulence, the car, was the conclusive arduousness of damnation amid the strange. Once Myrtle was run aggravate by Gatsby’s car, each estimation ended up too destructing. The other grave occasionary catalyst was the radio. In an age delayout television, radio was the duration of regalement and intelligence. Radio supposing a low-priced and commodious way of conveying counsel and purposes.
The excellentest indiscriminatelys were principally intelligence and globe affairs; posterior in the decade, radios were used to indiscriminately constantlyyman from concerts and sermons and constantlyyman in between (Cheek). Radio was the deep fashion of instrument that helped scatter other occasionary purposes, such as the new melody of Jazz and advertisements for the newest cars. Intemperance The discourse of intemperance in The Vast Gatsby too goes is-sueman in is-sueman delay the enactativeism and superficiality of the term, and as intemperancees go, the Jazz Age was definitely remarktalented by a prodigious extension in consumerism.Some of the aforementioned purposes of occasion of the Jazz Age too deposition the intemperance of this community, specially the cars, the vestments, the “finish through any way feasible” mentality, and the mansions.
Leading the way was the increasing currentity of the automobile, a effect that stimulated the U. S. distribution aggravate than any other assiduity. At the adapt of the 20th epoch, tnear had been singly 8,000 automobiles registered in the United States. By 1920, tnear were 8 darling and by the cork of the decade, 23 darling (Cheek). Gatsby’s car thus not singly markizes the technology of the decade, but too this greatscatter intemperance.
Gatsby’s car was one that “everybody had seen,” a “valucogent acme varnish, blawful delay nickel, turgid near and tnear in its marvellous prolixity delay boastful hat-boxes and supper-boxes and cat's-paw-boxes, and terraced delay a bewilderment of windshields that mirrored a dozen suns” (Fitzgerald, 41). Further, Gatsby’s second car, “the cessation car,” is a blawful yellow varnish, dramatically contrasting the standardized bwithdrawal varnish of most cars of the term.
The mansions are anther very clear fashion of intemperance. “[The Buchanans’] family was aggravate prepare than [Nick] expected, a merry red-and-white Gregorian colonial mansion, aggravatelooking the bay.The lawn afloat at the strand and ran towards the front door for a district of a mile, jumping aggravate sundials and cheerful fellow walls and enduring gardens—finally when it thrusted the family drifting up the party in blawful vines as though from the momentum of its run.
The front was mild by a continuity of French windows, fervid now delay reflected gold and great notorious to the fervid prolix behindnoon.... ” (Fitzgerald, 6) Though they are singly one cockney delay a narrow daughter, this prodigious mansion is colossus that they, in their eyes, scarcity to enact their finishment and opulence. This overover stresses the appraise of intemperance and enactativeism during this term.Another convenient purpose was to finish as greatly enactative finishment as feasible, and then flounce it.
Fitzgerald summed this purpose up courteous-mannered-mannered in The Vast Gatsby by maxim, “Americans, while rarely disposed to be serfs, accept frequently been headstrong environing being peasantry” (57). Smooth if one didn’t accept the moderations to accept the best of constantlyything, it was quiescent expected of them. Myrtle was angry when she set-up out her mate didn’t bear his own aid to his espousals. “He external somebody’s best aid to get married in…and the man came behind it one day when he was out…I gave it to him and then I lay down and cried…all behindnoon” (Fitzgerald, 24).
Daisy too displays the moment of enactative intemperance, too in vestments, when beholding at Gatsby’s vestments, “It makes me sad owing I’ve nconstantly seen such—such fresh shirts before” (Fitzgerald, 59). This concept of intemperance caused race to establish the most moment and moderationing on purely clear, enactative, and besides immediate movabless. Disillusionment The intemperance enactativeism perfectly delay a judgment of ‘newness’ through the occasionary technologies of the term left an aggravateall sensibility of disillusionment upon the excellent collocate. Each estimation amid The Vast Gatsby is either himself disillusioned or is unsuppostalented by disillusionment.
Gatsby can probably be seen as the idiosyncratic suffering the most below this disillusionment owing constantlyyman that he has strived for in truth, all his opulence and enactative fabricate, was for a fib trust and cause: Daisy. Though his truth looked entirely generous, from the prodigious stormy parties during the week to the muddy race he enveloped himself delay, he ended up fantastical in his purely enactative globe. This is blatantly indisputtalented at his funeral; “The subserve glanced various terms at his observe so [Nick] took him aparty and asked him to abide half an hour. But it wasn’t any use. Nobody came” (Fitzgerald,).
Daisy and Tom were too twain disillusioned, deeply in their analogy. Tom paraded encircling delay mistresses and Daisy was toying delay Gatsby’s heart; twain were in their disconnected fantasy globes, imagining a truth they subconsciously knew they would nconstantly transfer. That is besides why they remained conjointly in the end, resisting the adulterous way they treated their analogy. Nick himself was too disillusioned; “Everyone suspects himself of at meanest one of the excellent virtues, and this is mine: I am one of the few right race that I has constantly known” (Fitzgerald, 39), thus estimationizing himself in obstacle to the bodyes.
He is “inclined to coyness all judgments” (Fitzgerald, 3), smoothts in the strange do not assert to his self-characterization. Though he wants to seize the intellectual excellent premise, his best familiar ends up being probably one of the aggravate intellectually infected estimations, Gatsby. He too says environing Jordan’s imposture during her tournament, “Dishonesty in a dame is a unsubstantialg you nconstantly reprehend deeply—I was by accident hurt, and then I forgot” (Fitzgerald, 38).
His perfect awe and miracle of this “new globe” clouds his amend judgments.In then end though, it looks that he as cogent to comprehend a bit of the precision: when all the miracle, glamour, and glisten finally fades afar, the unexistence conquer adjudicate in and they conquer finally judgment that this puraid of the American Dream was an phantasm. Conclusion The Jazz Age was a very occasionary motion amid American truth, and has left a rather great impression on American community.
The appraises of occasion, intemperance, and disillusionment stateed a great role on the puraid of the American Dream. In existence, the American Dream was based on noman but these Jazz Age appraises.The occasionary precision of this term bound led to community’s appraise of intemperance and conclusive disillusionment.
These fib appraises made the American Dream look colossus it is not. In the 1920s, the American Dream was noman but an purpose of enactativeistic opulence and concrete pleasures. The thrust for this rather unattaincogent Dream enacted the cessation of an America of callous is-sue and cheerful-tempered-tempered ethics and goals of opulence and a skewed finishmentful truth.
Boland, Jesse. “The Jazz Age in America. ” 1920s Fashion and Music. Jesse Boland. 15. 04. 2010. Web/ 01 Sept. 2010. .
Cheek, Jerry S. Inventions. " The Roaring Twenties. Kennesaw State University, 01. 08. 2005. Web. 01 Sept. 2010. .
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Vast Gatsby. Woodsworth Edition. Ware, Hertfordshire: Woodsworth Editions, 1993. Print. Kersh, J. "The Vast Gatsby: The Jazz Age. ” ENotes. Penny Satoris. Seattle: Enotes. com, Oct. 2002. Web. 29 Aug. 2010. .
Moss, Joyce. Literature and Its Times: Profiles of 300 Notcogent Scholarly Works and the Historical Events That Influence Them. Vol. 3. Gale, 1997. Print. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on the Vast Gatsby. ” SparkNotes. com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 01 Sept. 2010.