Stat 200: Introduction To Statistics Final Examination

STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Fall 2015 OL1/US1Page 1 of 6STAT 200OL1/US1 SectionsFinal ExamFall 2015The final exam will be posted at 12: 01 am on October 9, and itis due at 11: 59 pm on October 11, 2015. Eastern Time is ourreference time. This is an open-book exam. You may refer to your text and other coursematerials as you work on the exam, and you may use a calculator. You mustcomplete the exam individually. Neither collaboration nor consultation withothers is allowed. Answer all 25 questions. Make sure your answers are as complete as possible. Show all of your work and reasoning. In particular, when there arecalculations involved, you must show how you come up with your answerswith critical work and/or necessary tables. Answers that come straight fromprograms or software packages will not be accepted. If you need to usesoftware (for example, Excel) and /or online or hand-held calculators to aid inyour calculation, please cite the sources and explain how you get the results. Record your answers and work on the separate answer sheet provided. This exam has 200 total points. You must include the Honor Pledge on the title page of your submitted finalexam. Exams submitted without the Honor Pledge will not be accepted. STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics1. Final Examination, Fall 2015 OL1/US1True or False. Justify for full credit. Page 2 of 6(15 pts)(a) If the variance of a data set is zero, then all the observations in this data set are zero. (b) If P(A) = 0. 4 , P(B) = 0. 5, and A and B are disjoint, then P(A AND B) = 0. 9. (c) Assume X follows a continuous distribution which is symmetric about 0. If, then. (d) A 95 confidence interval is wider than a 90 confidence interval of the sameparameter. (e) In a right-tailed test, the value of the test statistic is 1. 5. If we know the test statisticfollows a Student’s t-distribution with P(T &lt, 1. 5) = 0. 96, then we fail to reject thenull hypothesis at 0. 05 level of significance . Refer to the following frequency distribution for Questions 2, 3, 4, and 5. Show all work. Just theanswer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. The frequency distribution below shows the distribution for checkout time (in minutes) inUMUC MiniMart between 3: 00 and 4: 00 PM on a Friday afternoon. Checkout Time (in minutes) Frequency Relative Frequency1. 0 – 1. 932. 0 – 2. 9120. 203. 0 – 3. 94. 0 – 4. 935. 0 -5. 9Total252. Complete the frequency table with frequency and relative frequency. Express the relativefrequency to two decimal places. (5 pts)3. What percentage of the checkout times was at least 3 minutes?(3 pts)4. In what class interval must the median lie? Explain your answer. (5 pts)5. Does this distribution have positive skew or negative skew? Why?(2 pts)Refer to the following information for Questions 6 and 7. Show all work. Just the answer,without supporting work, will receive no credit. Consider selecting one card at a time from a 52-card deck. (Note: There are 4 aces in a deck ofcards)6. If the card selection is without replacement, what is the probability that the first card is an ace andthe second card is also an ace? (Express the answer in simplest fraction form)(5 pts)STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Fall 2015 OL1/US1Page 3 of 67. If the card selection is with replacement, what is the probability that the first card is an ace andthe second card is also an ace? (Express the answer in simplest fraction form)(5 pts)Refer to the following situation for Questions 8, 9, and 10. The five-number summary below shows the grade distribution of two STAT 200 quizzes fora sample of 500 students. MinimumQuiz 1Quiz 2Q1MedianQ3Maximum1520453555508590100100For each question, give your answer as one of the following: (a) Quiz 1, (b) Quiz 2, (c) Both quizzeshave the same value requested, (d) It is impossible to tell using only the given information. Thenexplain your answer in each case. (4 pts each)8. 9. 10. Which quiz has less interquartile range in grade distribution?Which quiz has the greater percentage of students with grades 90 and over?Which quiz has a greater percentage of students with grades less than 60?Refer to the following information for Questions 11, 12, and 13. Show all work. Just the answer,without supporting work, will receive no credit. There are 1000 students in a high school. Among the 1000 students, 800 students have alaptop, and 300 students have a tablet. 150 students have both devices. 11. 12. 13. 14. What is the probability that a randomly selected student has neither device?(10 pts)What is the probability that a randomly selected student has a laptop, given that he/shehas a tablet?(5 pts)Let event A be the selected student having a laptop, and event B be the selected studenthaving a tablet. Are A and B independent events? Why or why not?(5 pts)A combination lock uses three distinctive numbers between 0 and 49 inclusive. How manydifferent ways can a sequence of three numbers be selected? (Show work)(5 pts)15. Let random variable x represent the number of heads when a fair coin is tossed threetimes. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (a)(b)Construct a table describing the probability distribution. (5 pts)Determine the mean and standard deviation of x. (Round the answer to two decimal places)(10 pts)STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Fall 2015 OL1/US1Page 4 of 616. Mimi just started her tennis class three weeks ago. On average, she is able to return 20 of heropponent’s serves. Assume her opponent serves 10 times. (a)(b)Let X be the number of returns that Mimi gets. As we know, the distribution of X is a binomialprobability distribution. What is the number of trials (n), probability of successes (p) andprobability of failures (q), respectively?(5 pts)Find the probability that that she returns at least 1 of the 10 serves from her opponent. (Show work) (10 pts)Refer to the following information for Questions 17, 18, and 19. Show all work. Just the answer,without supporting work, will receive no credit. The lengths of mature jalapeño fruits are normally distributed with a mean of 3 inches and astandard deviation of 1 inch. 17. 18. 19. What is the probability that a randomly selected mature jalapeño fruit is between 1. 5 and 4 incheslong?(5 pts)Find the 90th percentile of the jalapeño fruit length distribution. (5 pts)If a random sample of 100 mature jalapeño fruits is selected, what is the standard deviation of thesample mean?(5 pts)20. A random sample of 100 light bulbs has a mean lifetime of 3000 hours. Assume that thepopulation standard deviation of the lifetime is 500 hours. Construct a 95 confidence intervalestimate of the mean lifetime. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, willreceive no credit. (8 pts)21. Consider the hypothesis test given byH 0 : p 0. 5H 1 : p 0. 5ˆIn a random sample of 100 subjects, the sample proportion is found to be p 0. 45 . (a) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (b) Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value,without supporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Is there sufficient evidence to justify the rejection of H 0 at the 0. 01 level?Explain. (15 pts)STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics22. Final Examination, Fall 2015 OL1/US1Page 5 of 6Consumption of large amounts of alcohol is known to increase reaction time. Toinvestigate the effects of small amounts of alcohol, reaction time was recorded for fiveindividuals before and after the consumption of 2 ounces of alcohol. Do the data belowsuggest that consumption of 2 ounces of alcohol increases mean reaction time?Reaction Time (seconds)BeforeAfter6788467898Subject12345Assume we want to use a 0. 01 significance level to test the claim. (a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. (b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Determine the P-value. Show all work, writing the correct P-value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that consumption of 2 ounces ofalcohol increases mean reaction time? Justify your conclusion. (15 pts)23. The UMUC MiniMart sells four different types of Halloween candy bags. The managerreports that the four types are equally popular. Suppose that a sample of 500 purchasesyields observed counts 150, 110, 130, and 110 for types 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. TypeNumber of Bags1150211031304110Assume we want to use a 0. 10 significance level to test the claim that the four types areequally popular. (a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. (b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Determine the P-value for the test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value,without supporting work, will receive no credit. (d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the manager’s claim that the four types areequally popular? Justify your answer. (15 pts)STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Fall 2015 OL1/US1Page 6 of 624. A random sample of 4 professional athletes produced the following data where x is thenumber of endorsements the player has and y is the amount of money made (in millions ofdollars). xy(a)(b)01123358Find an equation of the least squares regression line. Show all work, writing the correctequation, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (10 pts)Based on the equation from part (a), what is the predicted value of y if x = 4? Show allwork and justify your answer. (5 pts)25. A STAT 200 instructor is interested in whether there is any variation in the final exam gradesbetween her two classes Data collected from the two classes are as follows: Her null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis are: (a)(b)(c)Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. Is there sufficient evidence to justify the rejection of H 0 at the significance level of 0. 05?Explain. (10 pts)

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Stat 200 Introduction To Statistics – Final Examination

STAT 200 Introduction to Statistics – Final Examination1. True or False. Justify for full credit. (25 pts) (a) If the variance from a data set is zero, then all the observations in this data set must be identical. (b) P(A AND Ac ) 1, where Ac is the complement of A. (c) The mean is always equal to the median for a normal distribution. (d) A 99% confidence interval is wider than a 95% confidence interval of the same parameter. (e) It is easier to reject the null hypothesis if we use a smaller significance level ?. Refer to the following frequency distribution for Questions 2, 3, 4, and 5. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. A random sample of 25 customers was chosen in UMUC MiniMart between 3: 00 and 4: 00 PM on a Friday afternoon. The frequency distribution below shows the distribution for checkout time (in minutes). Checkout Time (in minutes)FrequencyRelative Frequency 1. 0 – 1. 94 2. 0 – 2. 9 0. 4 3. 0 – 3. 9 4. 0 – 4. 95 Total25 2. Complete the frequency table with frequency and relative frequency. (5 pts)3. What percentage of the checkout times was at least 3 minutes?(5 pts)4. In what class interval must the median lie? Explain your answer. (5 pts)5. Assume that the largest observation in this dataset is 4. 8. Suppose this observation were incorrectly recorded as 8. 4 instead of 4. 8. Will the mean increase, decrease, or remain the same? Will the median increase, decrease or remain the same? Why? (5 pts) Refer to the following information for Questions 6, 7, and 8. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. A 6-faced die is rolled two times. Let A be the event that the outcome of the first roll is an even number, and B be the event that the outcome of second roll is greater than 4. 6. How many outcomes are there in the sample space? (5 pts) 7. What is the probability that the outcome of the second roll is greater than 4, given that the first roll is an even number? (10 pts)STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics Final Examination, Spring 2015 OL4/US2Page 3 of 68. Are A and B independent? Why or why not?(5 pts) Refer to the following situation for Questions 9, 10, and 11. The five-number summary below shows the grade distribution of two STAT 200 quizzes. MinimumQ1MedianQ3Maximum Quiz 112406095100Quiz 220355090100 For each question, give your answer as one of the following: (a) Quiz 1, (b) Quiz 2, (c) Both quizzes have the same value requested, (d) It is impossible to tell using only the given information. Then explainyour answer in eachcase. (5 pts each) 9. Which quiz has less interquartile range in grade distribution? 10. Which quiz has the greater percentage of students with grades 90 and over? 11. Which quiz has a greater percentage of students with grades less than 60? Refer to the following information for Questions 12 and 13. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. There are 1000 juniors in a college. Among the 1000 juniors, 200 students are in the STAT200 roster, and 100 students are in the PSYC300 roster. There are 80 students taking both courses. 12. What is the probability that a randomly selected junior is taking at least one of these two courses? (10 pts) 13. What is the probability that a randomly selected junior is taking PSYC300, given that he/she is taking STAT200? (10 pts) 14. UMUC Stat Club is selecting three officers for the school year – a president, a vice president and a treasurer. There are 10 qualified candidates. How many different ways can the officers be selected? Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (5 pts) 15. Imagine you are in a game show. There are 6 prizes hidden on a game board with 10 spaces. One prize is worth $100, another is worth $20, and four are worth $5. You have to pay $20 to the host if your choice is not correct. Let the random variable x be the winning. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics Final Examination, Spring 2015 OL4/US2Page 4 of 6 (a)What is your expected winning in this game? (5 pts)(b)Determine the standard deviation of x. (Round the answer to two decimal places)(10 pts) 16. Mimi just started her tennis class three weeks ago. On average, she is able to return 30% of her opponent’s serves. Assume her opponent serves 10 times. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (a) Let X be the number of returns that Mimi gets. As we know, the distribution of X is a binomial probability distribution. What is the number of trials (n), probability of successes (p) and probability of failures (q), respectively?(5 pts)(b)Find the probability that that she returns at least 1 of the 10 serves from her opponent. (10 pts)(c)How many serves can she expect to return?(5 pts) Refer to the following information for Questions 17, 18, and 19. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. The heights of pecan trees are normally distributed with a mean of 10 feet and a standard deviation of 2 feet. 17. What is the probability that a randomly selected pecan tree is between 10 and 12 feet tall? (10 pts) 18. Find the 3rd quartile of the pecan tree height distribution. (5 pts) 19. If a random sample of 100 pecan trees is selected, what is the standard deviation of the sample mean? (5 pts) 20. A random sample of 225 SAT scores has a sample mean of 1500. Assume that SAT scores have a population standard deviation of 300. Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the mean SAT scores. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (10 pts) 21. Consider the hypothesis test given by H0 : p0. 5 H1 : p0. 5 ˆ0. 53 . In a random sample of 225 subjects, the sample proportion is found to be p (a) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (b) Determine the p-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value,without supporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Is there sufficient evidence to justify the rejection of H0 at the0. 01 level?Explain. (15 pts)STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics Final Examination, Spring 2015 OL4/US2 Page 5 of 6 22. Consumption of a large amount of alcohol is known to increase reaction time. To investigate the effects of small amounts of alcohol, reaction time was recorded for five individuals before and after 2 ounces of alcohol was consumed by each. Does the data below suggest that the consumption of 2 ounces of alcohol increases mean reaction time? Reaction Time (seconds)SubjectBeforeAfter16728834647105910 Assume we want to use a 0. 1 significance level to test the claim. (a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. (b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Determine the p-value. Show all work, writing the correct critical value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the consumption of 2 ounces of alcohol increases mean reaction time? Justify your conclusion. (20 pts) 23. A STAT 200 instructor is interested in whether there is any variation in the final exam grades between her two classes Data collected from the two classes are as follows: Her null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis are: (a) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (b) Determine the p-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value,without supporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Is there sufficient evidence to justify the rejection of H0 at the0. 01 level?Explain. (10 pts) STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Spring 2015 OL4/US2Page 6 of 624. A random sample of 4 professional athletes produced the following data where x is thenumber of endorsements the player has and y is the amount of money made (in millions ofdollars). x 0135 y 1238 (a) Find an equation of the least squares regression line. Show all work, writing the correct equation, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (15 pts)(b) Based on the equation from part (a), what is the predicted value of y if x = 4? Show all work and justify your answer. (5 pts) 25. The UMUC Daily News reported that the color distribution for plain M&M’s was: 40% brown, 20% yellow, 20% orange, 10% green, and 10% tan. Each piece of candy in a random sample of 100 plain M&M’s was classified according to color, and the results are listed below. Use a 0. 05 significance level to test the claim that the published color distribution is correct. Show all work and justify your answer. ColorBrownYellowOrangeGreenTanNumber422112718 (a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. (b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Determine the p-value. Show all work, writing the correct critical value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the published color distribution is correct? Justify your answer. (15 pts)

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Stat 200: Introduction To Statistics Final Examination

STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 1 of 8STAT 200OL2 SectionsFinal ExamSummer 2016The final exam will be posted at 12: 01 am on July 22, and it is dueat 11: 59 pm on July 24, 2016. Eastern Time is our reference time. This is an open-book exam. You may refer to your text and other course materialsas you work on the exam, and you may use a calculator. You must complete theexam individually. Neither collaboration nor consultation with others is allowed. It is a violation of the UMUC Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism policy to useunauthorized materials or work from others. Answer all 20 questions. Make sure your answers are as complete as possible. Show all of your supporting work and reasoning. Answers that come straightfrom calculators, programs or software packages without any explanation will notbe accepted. If you need to use technology (for example, Excel, online or handheld calculators, statistical packages) to aid in your calculation, you must cite thesources and explain how you get the results. Record your answers and work on the separate answer sheet provided. This exam has 200 total points, 10 points for each question. You must include the Honor Pledge on the title page of your submitted final exam. Exams submitted without the Honor Pledge will not be accepted. STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics1. Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 2 of 8True or False. Justify for full credit. (a)(b)(c)(d)(e)If P(A) = 0. 4, P(B) = 0. 5, and A and B are independent, then P(A AND B) = 0. 2. If the variance of a data set is 0, then all the observations in this data set must be zero. The mean is always equal to the median for a normal distribution. A 90% confidence interval is wider than a 95% confidence interval of the same parameter. In a right-tailed test, the value of the test statistic is 2. The test statistic follows a distributionwith the distribution curve shown below. If we know the shaded area is 0. 96, then we havesufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis at 0. 05 level of significance. 2. Choose the best answer. Justify for full credit. (a)UMUC Stat Club conducted a survey on STAT 200 study hours. The survey result showedthat 54% of the respondents spent more than 20 hours each week on STAT 200. The value54% is a(i)statistic(ii)parameter(iii)cannot be determined(b)The hotel ratings are usually on a scale from 0 star to 5 stars. The level of this measurement is(i)interval(ii)nominal(iii)ordinal(iv)ratio(c)UMUC STAT Club wanted to estimate the study hours of STAT 200 students. Two STAT 200sections were randomly selected and all students from these two sections were asked to fill outthe questionnaire. This type of sampling is called: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)clusterconveniencesystematicstratifiedSTAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 3 of 83. Choose the best answer. Justify for full credit. (a)A study of 10 different weight loss programs involved 500 subjects. Each of the 10 programshad 50 subjects in it. The subjects were followed for 12 months. Weight change for eachsubject was recorded. You want to test the claim that the mean weight loss is the same for the10 programs. What statistical approach should be used?(i)t-test(ii)linear regression(iii)ANOVA(iv)confidence interval(b)A STAT 200 instructor teaches two classes. She wants to test if the variances of the scoredistribution for the two classes are different. What type of hypothesis test should she use?(i)t-test for two independent samples(ii)t-test for matched samples(iii)z-test for two samples(iv)F- test4. The frequency distribution below shows the distribution for IQ scores for a random sample of1000 adults. (Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. )IQ ScoresFrequency Relative Frequency50 – 692470 – 8922890 -1094930. 23110 – 129(a)(b)(c)130 – 14925Total1000Complete the frequency table with frequency and relative frequency. Express the relativefrequency to three decimal places. What percentage of the adults in this sample has an IQ score of at least 110?Does this distribution have positive skew or negative skew? Why or why not?STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics5. Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 4 of 8The boxplots below show the grade distribution of two STAT 200 quizzes for a sample of 500students. For each question, give your answer as one of the following: (i) Quiz 1, (ii) Quiz 2, (iii) Both quizzeshave the same value requested, (iv) It is impossible to tell using only the given information. Thenexplain your answer in each case. (a)(b)(c)Which quiz has greater range in grade distribution?Which quiz has the lower percentage of students with grades 85 and over?Which quiz has a greater percentage of students with grades less than 60?6. A sample of 10 LED light bulbs consists of 1 defective and 9 good light bulbs. A qualitycontrol technician wants to randomly select two of the light bulbs for inspection. Find theprobability that the first selected light bulb is good and the second light bulb is also good. (Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. )(a)(b)Assuming the two random selections are made with replacement. Assuming the two random selections are made without replacement. 7. There are 1000 students in a high school. Among the 1000 students, 200 students take APStatistics, and 250 students take AP French. 100 students take both AP courses. Let S be theevent that a randomly selected student takes AP Statistics, and F be the event that a randomlyselected student takes AP French. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work,will receive no credit. (a)(b)Provide a written description of the event (S OR F). What is the probability of complement event of (S OR F)?STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 5 of 88. Consider rolling two fair dice. Let A be the event that the sum of the two dice is 7, and B bethe event that the first one is an even number. (a)What is the probability that the sum of the two dice is 7 given that the first one is an evennumber? Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. Are event A and event B independent? Explain. (b)9. Answer the following two questions. (Show all work. Just the answer, without supportingwork, will receive no credit). (a)There are 15 juniors and 20 seniors in the UMUC Stat Club. The club is to send fourrepresentatives to the Joint Statistical Meetings. If the members of the club decide to send twojuniors and two seniors, how many different groupings are possible?A bike courier needs to make deliveries at 6 different locations. How many different routes canhe take?(b)10. Assume random variable x follows a probability distribution shown in the table below. Determine the mean and standard deviation of x. Show all work. Just the answer, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. xP(x)-20. 100. 110. 320. 230. 311. Rabbits like to eat the cucumbers in Mimi’s garden. There are 10 cucumbers in her gardenwhich will be ready to harvest in about 10 days. Based on her experience, the probability of acucumber being eaten by the rabbits before harvest is 0. 30. (a)Let X be the number of cucumbers that Mimi harvests (that is, the number of cucumbers noteaten by rabbits). As we know, the distribution of X is a binomial probability distribution. What is the number of trials (n), probability of successes (p) and probability of failures (q),respectively?Find the probability that Mimi harvests at most 8 of the 10 cucumbers. (round the answer to 3decimal places) Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (b)12. Assume the weights of men are normally distributed with a mean of 170 lbs and a standarddeviation of 30 lbs. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive nocredit. (a)(b)Find the 75th percentile for the distribution of men’s weights. What is the probability that a randomly selected man weighs more than 200 lbs?STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics13. (a)(b)Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 6 of 8Assume the SAT Mathematics Level 2 test scores are normally distributed with a mean of 500and a standard deviation of 100. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, willreceive no credit. If a random sample of 64 test scores is selected, what is the standard deviation of the samplemean?What is the probability that 64 randomly selected test scores will have a mean test score that isbetween 475 and 525?14. A survey showed that 80% of the 1600 adult respondents believe in global warming. Construct a90% confidence interval estimate of the proportion of adults believing in global warming. Showall work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. 15. In a study designed to test the effectiveness of garlic for lowering cholesterol, 49 adults weretreated with garlic tablets. Cholesterol levels were measured before and after the treatment. Thechanges in their LDL cholesterol (in mg/dL) have a mean of 3 and standard deviation of 14. Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the mean change in LDL cholesterol after thegarlic tablet treatment. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receiveno credit. 16. Mimi is interested in testing the claim that banana is the favorite fruit for more than 50% of theadults. She conducted a survey on a random sample of 100 adults. 58 adults in the samplechose banana as his / her favorite fruit. Assume Mimi wants to use a 0. 10 significance level to test the claim. (a)(b)(c)(d)17. Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, without supportingwork, will receive no credit. Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that banana is the favorite fruit for more than50% of the adults? Explain. In a study of freshman weight gain, the measured weights of 5 randomly selected collegestudents in September and April of their freshman year are shown in the following table. Student12345Weight (kg)SeptemberApril67665355646871707075Is there evidence to suggest that the mean weight of the freshmen in April is greater than themean weight in September?STAT 200: Introduction to StatisticsFinal Examination, Summer 2016 OL2Page 7 of 8Assume we want to use a 0. 10 significance level to test the claim. (a)(b)(c)(d)18. (a)(b)(c)(d)19. Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, without supportingwork, will receive no credit. Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean weight of the freshmen in Aprilis greater than the mean weight in September? Justify your conclusion. In a pulse rate research, a simple random sample of 40 men results in a mean of 80 beats perminute, and a standard deviation of 11. 3 beats per minute. Based on the sample results, theresearcher concludes that the pulse rates of men have a standard deviation greater than 10 beatsper minutes. Use a 0. 05 significance level to test the researcher’s claim. Identify the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis. Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work, writing the correct P-value, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. Is there sufficient evidence to support the researcher’s claim? Explain. The UMUC Daily News reported that the color distribution for plain M&amp,M’s was: 40%brown, 20% yellow, 10% orange, 10% green, and 20% tan. Each piece of candy in a randomsample of 100 plain M&amp,M’s was classified according to color, and the results are listed below. Use a 0. 05 significance level to test the claim that the published color distribution is correct. Show all work and justify your answer. ColorNumberBrown42Yellow21Orange12Green7Tan18(a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. (b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work, writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. (c) Determine the P-value. Show all work, writing the correct P-value, without supportingwork, will receive no credit. (d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the published color distribution iscorrect? Justify your answer. STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics20. (b)Page 8 of 8A STAT 200 instructor believes that the average quiz score is a good predictor of final examscore. A random sample of 5 students produced the following data where x is the average quizscore and y is the final exam score. xy(a)Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL280145501506013010018070120Find an equation of the least squares regression line. Show all work, writing the correctequation, without supporting work, will receive no credit. Based on the equation from part (a), what is the predicted final exam score if the average quizscore is 90? Show all work and justify your answer.

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STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics Final Examination

Question
STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 1 of 8

STAT 200
OL2 Sections
Final Exam
Summer 2016
The final exam will be posted at 12:01 am on July 22, and it is due
at 11:59 pm on July 24, 2016. Eastern Time is our reference time.

This is an open-book exam. You may refer to your text and other course materials
as you work on the exam, and you may use a calculator. You must complete the
exam individually. Neither collaboration nor consultation with others is allowed.
It is a violation of the UMUC Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism policy to use
unauthorized materials or work from others.
Answer all 20 questions. Make sure your answers are as complete as possible.
Show all of your supporting work and reasoning. Answers that come straight
from calculators, programs or software packages without any explanation will not
be accepted. If you need to use technology (for example, Excel, online or handheld calculators, statistical packages) to aid in your calculation, you must cite the
sources and explain how you get the results.
Record your answers and work on the separate answer sheet provided.
This exam has 200 total points; 10 points for each question.
You must include the Honor Pledge on the title page of your submitted final exam.
Exams submitted without the Honor Pledge will not be accepted.

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

1.

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 2 of 8

True or False. Justify for full credit.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

If P(A) = 0.4, P(B) = 0.5, and A and B are independent, then P(A AND B) = 0.2.
If the variance of a data set is 0, then all the observations in this data set must be zero.
The mean is always equal to the median for a normal distribution.
A 90% confidence interval is wider than a 95% confidence interval of the same parameter.
In a right-tailed test, the value of the test statistic is 2. The test statistic follows a distribution
with the distribution curve shown below. If we know the shaded area is 0.96, then we have
sufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance.

2.

Choose the best answer. Justify for full credit.

(a)

UMUC Stat Club conducted a survey on STAT 200 study hours. The survey result showed
that 54% of the respondents spent more than 20 hours each week on STAT 200. The value
54% is a
(i)
statistic
(ii)
parameter
(iii)
cannot be determined

(b)

The hotel ratings are usually on a scale from 0 star to 5 stars. The level of this measurement is
(i)
interval
(ii)
nominal
(iii)
ordinal
(iv)
ratio

(c)

UMUC STAT Club wanted to estimate the study hours of STAT 200 students. Two STAT 200
sections were randomly selected and all students from these two sections were asked to fill out
the questionnaire. This type of sampling is called:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

cluster
convenience
systematic
stratified

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 3 of 8

3.

Choose the best answer. Justify for full credit.

(a)

A study of 10 different weight loss programs involved 500 subjects. Each of the 10 programs
had 50 subjects in it. The subjects were followed for 12 months. Weight change for each
subject was recorded. You want to test the claim that the mean weight loss is the same for the
10 programs. What statistical approach should be used?
(i)
t-test
(ii)
linear regression
(iii)
ANOVA
(iv)
confidence interval

(b)

A STAT 200 instructor teaches two classes. She wants to test if the variances of the score
distribution for the two classes are different. What type of hypothesis test should she use?
(i)
t-test for two independent samples
(ii)
t-test for matched samples
(iii)
z-test for two samples
(iv)
F- test

4.

The frequency distribution below shows the distribution for IQ scores for a random sample of
1000 adults. (Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.)

IQ Scores

Frequency Relative Frequency

50 – 69

24

70 – 89

228

90 -109

493
0.23

110 – 129

(a)
(b)
(c)

130 – 149

25

Total

1000

Complete the frequency table with frequency and relative frequency. Express the relative
frequency to three decimal places.
What percentage of the adults in this sample has an IQ score of at least 110?
Does this distribution have positive skew or negative skew? Why or why not?

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

5.

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 4 of 8

The boxplots below show the grade distribution of two STAT 200 quizzes for a sample of 500
students.

For each question, give your answer as one of the following: (i) Quiz 1; (ii) Quiz 2; (iii) Both quizzes
have the same value requested; (iv) It is impossible to tell using only the given information. Then
explain your answer in each case.
(a)
(b)
(c)

Which quiz has greater range in grade distribution?
Which quiz has the lower percentage of students with grades 85 and over?
Which quiz has a greater percentage of students with grades less than 60?

6.

A sample of 10 LED light bulbs consists of 1 defective and 9 good light bulbs. A quality
control technician wants to randomly select two of the light bulbs for inspection. Find the
probability that the first selected light bulb is good and the second light bulb is also good.
(Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.)

(a)
(b)

Assuming the two random selections are made with replacement.
Assuming the two random selections are made without replacement.

7.

There are 1000 students in a high school. Among the 1000 students, 200 students take AP
Statistics, and 250 students take AP French. 100 students take both AP courses. Let S be the
event that a randomly selected student takes AP Statistics, and F be the event that a randomly
selected student takes AP French. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work,
will receive no credit.

(a)
(b)

Provide a written description of the event (S OR F).
What is the probability of complement event of (S OR F)?

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 5 of 8

8.

Consider rolling two fair dice. Let A be the event that the sum of the two dice is 7, and B be
the event that the first one is an even number.

(a)

What is the probability that the sum of the two dice is 7 given that the first one is an even
number? Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.
Are event A and event B independent? Explain.

(b)

9.

Answer the following two questions. (Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting
work, will receive no credit).

(a)

There are 15 juniors and 20 seniors in the UMUC Stat Club. The club is to send four
representatives to the Joint Statistical Meetings. If the members of the club decide to send two
juniors and two seniors, how many different groupings are possible?
A bike courier needs to make deliveries at 6 different locations. How many different routes can
he take?

(b)

10.

Assume random variable x follows a probability distribution shown in the table below.
Determine the mean and standard deviation of x. Show all work. Just the answer, without
supporting work, will receive no credit.
x
P(x)

-2
0.1

0
0.1

1
0.3

2
0.2

3
0.3

11.

Rabbits like to eat the cucumbers in Mimi’s garden. There are 10 cucumbers in her garden
which will be ready to harvest in about 10 days. Based on her experience, the probability of a
cucumber being eaten by the rabbits before harvest is 0.30.

(a)

Let X be the number of cucumbers that Mimi harvests (that is, the number of cucumbers not
eaten by rabbits). As we know, the distribution of X is a binomial probability distribution.
What is the number of trials (n), probability of successes (p) and probability of failures (q),
respectively?
Find the probability that Mimi harvests at most 8 of the 10 cucumbers. (round the answer to 3
decimal places) Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.

(b)

12.

Assume the weights of men are normally distributed with a mean of 170 lbs and a standard
deviation of 30 lbs. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no
credit.

(a)
(b)

Find the 75th percentile for the distribution of men’s weights.
What is the probability that a randomly selected man weighs more than 200 lbs?

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

13.

(a)
(b)

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 6 of 8

Assume the SAT Mathematics Level 2 test scores are normally distributed with a mean of 500
and a standard deviation of 100. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will
receive no credit.
If a random sample of 64 test scores is selected, what is the standard deviation of the sample
mean?
What is the probability that 64 randomly selected test scores will have a mean test score that is
between 475 and 525?

14.

A survey showed that 80% of the 1600 adult respondents believe in global warming. Construct a
90% confidence interval estimate of the proportion of adults believing in global warming. Show
all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.

15.

In a study designed to test the effectiveness of garlic for lowering cholesterol, 49 adults were
treated with garlic tablets. Cholesterol levels were measured before and after the treatment. The
changes in their LDL cholesterol (in mg/dL) have a mean of 3 and standard deviation of 14.
Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the mean change in LDL cholesterol after the
garlic tablet treatment. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive
no credit.

16.

Mimi is interested in testing the claim that banana is the favorite fruit for more than 50% of the
adults. She conducted a survey on a random sample of 100 adults. 58 adults in the sample
chose banana as his / her favorite fruit.
Assume Mimi wants to use a 0.10 significance level to test the claim.

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

17.

Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.
Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, without supporting
work, will receive no credit.
Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work; writing the correct P-value, without
supporting work, will receive no credit.
Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that banana is the favorite fruit for more than
50% of the adults? Explain.
In a study of freshman weight gain, the measured weights of 5 randomly selected college
students in September and April of their freshman year are shown in the following table.

Student
1
2
3
4
5

Weight (kg)
September
April
67
66
53
55
64
68
71
70
70
75

Is there evidence to suggest that the mean weight of the freshmen in April is greater than the
mean weight in September?

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

Page 7 of 8

Assume we want to use a 0.10 significance level to test the claim.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

18.

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

19.

Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.
Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, without supporting
work, will receive no credit.
Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work; writing the correct P-value, without
supporting work, will receive no credit.
Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean weight of the freshmen in April
is greater than the mean weight in September? Justify your conclusion.
In a pulse rate research, a simple random sample of 40 men results in a mean of 80 beats per
minute, and a standard deviation of 11.3 beats per minute. Based on the sample results, the
researcher concludes that the pulse rates of men have a standard deviation greater than 10 beats
per minutes. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the researcher’s claim.
Identify the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis.
Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, without
supporting work, will receive no credit.
Determine the P-value for this test. Show all work; writing the correct P-value, without
supporting work, will receive no credit.
Is there sufficient evidence to support the researcher’s claim? Explain.

The UMUC Daily News reported that the color distribution for plain M&M’s was: 40%
brown, 20% yellow, 10% orange, 10% green, and 20% tan. Each piece of candy in a random
sample of 100 plain M&M’s was classified according to color, and the results are listed below.
Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the published color distribution is correct.
Show all work and justify your answer.
Color
Number

Brown
42

Yellow
21

Orange
12

Green
7

Tan
18

(a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.
(b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, without
supporting work, will receive no credit.
(c) Determine the P-value. Show all work; writing the correct P-value, without supporting
work, will receive no credit.
(d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the published color distribution is
correct? Justify your answer.

STAT 200: Introduction to Statistics

20.

(b)

Page 8 of 8

A STAT 200 instructor believes that the average quiz score is a good predictor of final exam
score. A random sample of 5 students produced the following data where x is the average quiz
score and y is the final exam score.
x
y

(a)

Final Examination, Summer 2016 OL2

80
145

50
150

60
130

100
180

70
120

Find an equation of the least squares regression line. Show all work; writing the correct
equation, without supporting work, will receive no credit.
Based on the equation from part (a), what is the predicted final exam score if the average quiz
score is 90? Show all work and justify your answer.

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