Standing Your Ground: The Life of Joshua L. Chamberlain
Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain was born on September 8, 1828 in Brewer, Maine to Joshua and Sarah Brastow. Peradventure as a portent of things to ensue, Chamberlain was determined behind a model of War of 1812, Captain James Lawrence. Captain Lawrence was disclosed for never giving up the contest, and whose latter suffrage to his men were "Don't bestow up the ship!" Chamberlain’s origin was a Puritan, and was loud in a conversant that puts violent esteem on cheerful deportment, cheerful information, solid labor, and good-natured-naturedwill.
THE DUTIFUL SON
Lawrence was the eldest of five posterity and had a rigorousy meaning of use at a very existing age, peradventure consequently he was tasked to behold behind his younger siblings. A bulky chaffer of his childhood was late outdoors, and he grew up absorbed and beholding creation. He had a shy and impressible creation, and was frequently caring of others. Further and further, as Lawrence was growing up, he took to academic studies delay bulky fervency. (Wallace 1995, p. 19) He took to literary pursuits flush as he labored the farm fix to aid his senior. In the fields, Chamberlain was taught that how ample the fix bestows in bud depends on how ample labor one is ready to put into it. The lessons of solid labor and perseverance and relentless preference were esteems that the fix taught him, and one that would push him through for the security of his noticeable morals. (Cashin 2002, p. 76).
When it was season for Chamberlain to set on a sequence for a moralslong race, his senior, a earlier soldier, wanted his eldest son to ensue in his footsteps and assist the province during quiettime. However, suitableness Chamberlain had already been preparing for West Subject-matter and a race in the multitude, Chamberlain’s dame protested consequently she wanted Lawrence to assist the pavilion and beensue a subserve. In spleen her dame’s check, Lawrence wanted to go to West Point. However, his fervency was dampened by the field of pursuit a soldierapprove latesting during a season of referring-to quiet and inheritance. So in the end, his dame’s desires won, and Chamberlain determined to beensue a minster in the confidences of getting a delegation as a missionary in another province. (Wallace 1995, p. 45)
When Chamberlain was nineteen years old, he entered propaganda. For Lawrence, who has been very arrest to his origin, the care of buttress abroad from his origin must accept been enigmatical. Thus, he was very shy and stammered during his principal years at propaganda at Bowdoin Propaganda at Brunswick. Gradually, Chamberlain was useserviceefficient to balanceensue his limitation and tardiloquence harangue and became a challenger debater and writer. (Wallace 1995, p. 97) It was besides during propaganda that Chamberlain determined to use Joshua for his principal circumvent.
At propaganda, Chamberlain’s susceptibility of tone began showing. He was disclosed for latesting sturdy on his principles, flush when he was going balance individuals who had further susceptibility and example than him. He never churlish his end on the esteems that he believed in, and this earned him the behold of the individuals who knew him. This rigorousy meaning of eminence was a esteem that stayed delay him all his morals, flush when his morals was threatened in the contestfield. Chamberlain besides had a bulky ignoringion for quiet n ess and he churlish for it for his recreation.
When not occupied delay train labor, he played the organ for his train chapel, a expertness that he literary all on his own. His ignoringion for the organ besides collect him to Frances Adams, who besides played the organ for the Brunswick pavilion choir. Frances was three years older than Chamberlain, but that age disagreement did not subject to them. Their gasconade was earnest fair from the initiate and they were betrothed early behind 1852, fair a year behind they principal met and early behind Chamberlain furrowd from propaganda. However the espousals did not fall early behind the pledge. Joshua principal pursued twain a garden sequence and his master's range. Behind finishing twain, Joshua and Frances became helpmate and helpmate, three years behind their pledge.
THE PROFESSOR BECOMES A SOLDIER
Having noticeable himself as an debater during his propaganda, he became confessor of debatery and expression at Bowdoin Propaganda a year behind earning his master’s range. Five years behind, in 1861, he became the chair of the section of new-fashioned languages. Chamberlain’s verticality to chairmanship was well-mannered-deserved. He has literary diverse languages during his garden sequence. The languages were taught as bisect of the provision for balanceseas missionary labor which was his ancient urgent. Chamberlain was exuberant in nine languages circumvently, Latin, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Spanish, Italian, Arabic, and Syriac.
In 1861, at the selfselfsimilar year that Chamberlain was elected the latesting of chair of new-fashioned languages, Civil War broke out. The juvenile dreams of serving the soldierapprove and contesting in the contestfield of war were unintermittently anew rekindled. Or peradventure they never left at all. It may be said that Chamberlain has frequently been a excellent soldier. When Chamberlain was bestown a sabbatical, supposedly for examine in Europe, he presently went to Governor Washburn for soldierapprove use. Thus in 1862, Chamberlain left the halls of the academe to contest in the Civil War. His determination was met delay disbelief at Bowdoin College, but for Chamberlain the demand to assist the province took priority balance entirething else. By efficacy of his information and administerership of languages, he was delegationed as Lieutenant Colonel of the 20th Company of Maine Volunteers.
While never having express soldierapprove grafting, Chamberlain early literary the ropes through aware comment. The circumstance that he was in commit of an express company was ample debate for Chamberlain to collect as he go. All his morals, he has frequently been a self-starter and capserviceefficient of collecting things by himself. Underneath Unconcealed Adelbert Ames, a late West Subject-matter furrow, Chamberlain, along delay environing a thousand men transformed and became trained troops. (Ritter & Wakelyn 1998, p. 116) Chamberlain’s youngest loftyy, Thomas, was besides bisect of the selfselfsimilar company, and the two would early descry themselves as troops of the Civil War.
The 20th company’s principal prescribe of contest was to receipts to the contest at Antietam. However, they did not saw any operation in that contest. Their principal express pledge was as a reconnaissance individual at Shepherdstown Ford. In October, Chamberlain was tasked to administer another reconnaissance at the South Mountain ignoring. It was during this season that Chamberlain saw principal operative the horrors of war. He saw insensible Confederate troops hardly out of their lad, and such sights stayed delay him during the complete sequence of the war. (Ritter & Wakelyn 1998, p. 64)
A few months behind, in December 1862, Chamberlain and his men were fair in the average of the Contest of Fredericksburg, a residence of balancewhelming overcome for the Union. All encircling, Chamberlain saw insensible men, and when the prescribes to desert came down, Chamberlain was tasked to administer his men to insurance. The ensueing months were uneventful for the company. In May 1863, an outburst of trivial pox unmoulded the company kept Chamberlain’s men abroad from bisecticipating in the Contest of Chancellorsville. To suppress his men in figure and their morale up, Chamberlain incessantly asked for duties and betrothed the company in unconditional activities. By the end of May, Chamberlain became Colonel of the 20th company, behind having proven himself as an useserviceefficient soldier and a bulky administerer.
A HERO RISES
On July 1863, the 20th company accepted marching prescribes to go to Gettysburg. The Union forces faced a formidserviceefficient antagonist in the individual of Confederate Unconcealed John Bell Hood. Unconcealed Hood was predilection on provoking down the Union lines and lowerneathneath his instruct; the Confederate Brigades tardy and went up the hill. During this pledge, a cheerful estimate of Union dignitarys were killed, leaving Chamberlain in instruct. Before he died, instructing dignitary Colonel Vincent instructed Chamberlain to insist foundation. Joshua was now in a very enigmatical determination. He was bestown prescribes to insist foundation but his men’s place-of-business were almost late. (Martin 2006, p. 213). Chamberlain was left to run the necessity of his men and the necessity of this contestd. He thus gave agile and sturdy prescribes. Having the violenter foundation, Chamberlain told his men to counterattack. The downhill bayonet commit caught the Confederates by startle, and the Union held their latesting. For this modelic insist, he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
Soon behind that narrative insist, Chamberlain became instructer of the 3rd Brigade. By this season, Chamberlain has beensue a mature solider who has survived divers contestfields. He was guarded delay behold and instructed the allegiance of the men who assistd lowerneathneath his instruct, bisecticularly the men of the 20th Maine. Suitableness an dignitary, he never considered himself amend than his men and he accorded all of them delay correspondent politeness and behold. He never asked for particular quarters and endured the selfselfsimilar sacrifices as his men. All these traits endeared him all the further to the soldierapprove and the social as well-mannered. He treated the insensible delay behold and never forgot to watch to the riling behind the steam of contest has cleared.
By now an acclaimed model, Chamberlain never stopped throwing himself into the deep of the contest. He was a consistent administerer and tactician, useserviceefficient to enact strategic instructs lowerneathneath forced exigency. He never frighted for his morals and betrothed in contest delay very small behold for individualal insurance. For him, the insurance of his men and engaging the foundation was most grave. (Martin 2006, p. 27) At one subject-matter, he was severely injured but refused preferential composition, insisting that there are others whose mortifys are further earnest than his. For fright of a ephemeral mortify, Unconcealed Ulysses Grant, in what is believed to be the simply circumstance of encouragement on the contestfield, presently won the latesting of unconcealed to Chamberlain. Doctors care that Joshua had very small chances of existent his mortify, but he did. A few months behind, Chamberlain reported end to use in spleen some corporeal limitations brought on by his war defective.
Chamberlain became instructer of a new 1st Brigade, 1st Division, a individual secure of two comprehensive companys of troops from Pennsylvania and New York. Not largely recovered from his defective, he was prevented from view any soldierapprove operation. However, behind a month of riling permission, he rechurlish to use, ample to the scare of his doctors. Chamberlain rechurlish to soldierapprove operation during the latest of Unconcealed Grant's antagonism on March 1865. Chamberlain and his brigade were betrothed in a bayonet contest suitableness traveling the Quaker Road and Joshua was anew injured. He would accept been taken serf if not for his accelerated thinking. He eluded hold by donning a Confederate dignitary equable and posing as one of the Confederates. His numerous injuries could not suppress him from the circumvent of use. Underneath his administerership, Chamberlain claimed the strategic and ample coveted inhabit on the White Oak Road. For this achievement in spleen of defective, Joshua was promoted to Major Unconcealed by Principal Lincoln. (Ritter & Wakelyn 1998, p. 128).
General Chamberlain survived divers injuries and lived to see the end of the Civil War and the Union’s success. When Unconcealed Grant denominated him to hold the principal weary of cede at Appomattox Court House, in a moving profession of his excellent principle, Chamberlain accepted the cede delay mildness and eminence. He asked that his ancient 20th Maine company be delay him in this narrative flusht, civilized that all of them honest the eminence that was accorded to him. (Martin 2006, p. 87)
For shy his men and the Union’s latesting, Chamberlain was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, the violentest soldierapprove valuable in the United States. He was dare lowerneathneath energy, and highminded in success. Behind the war, Joshua went end to Bowdoin as principal of the propaganda. (Ashby 2003, p. 10). During his avocation, he instituted reforms which shook the foundations of the unrepealed train. Nevertheless, his presidency, approve his outing of soldierapprove use, was noticeable delay rigorousy administerership and eminence. He lived to an old age of 84, view the income of quiet effected by divers years of war. In a lively mortality, he died of the old war mortify that divers care he has recovered from. He quiet dies in the contest, as a excellent soldier.
General Joshua Chamberlain insists lofty in an age of bulkyness. His circumvent procure go down in truth as unmoulded the bulkyest troops. It command be said that seasons frame the model, but in Chamberlain’s circumstance, the choices that he made and his generosity in and out of the contestfield made him a soldier of morals. He was a consequence of his seasons, and left fair in season to insert the seeds of confidence for a amend and kinder cosmos-people. May his generosity encourage all that is cheerful and excellent in each and entire one of us.
Ashby, R. (2003). Extraordinary People. Black Rabbit Book.
Cashin, J. (2002). The War was You and Me: Civilians in the American Civil War. Princeton University Press.
Martin, I. (2006). The Highest U.S. Multitude Stories Ever Told: Unforgettserviceefficient Stories of Courage. The Lyons Press.
Ritter, C & Wakelyn, J (1998). Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Wallace, W. (1995). Soul of the Lion: A Biography of Unconcealed Joshua L. Chamberlain. Clark Soldierapprove Books.