phil247 week 2 discussions latest 2016 sep
Implicit Premise (graded)
Philosopher Peter Singer suggests that we are morally responsible for saving people who are starving in the world. Singer holds that if we saw a baby drowning in a pool, we would be morally obliged to save the baby, even if doing so would come at some cost to ourselves. From this, Singer concludes that we similarly have a duty to save starving people, even though doing so would come at some cost to ourselves. Do you agree? Why or why not?
Validity and Soundness (graded)
Philosopher Robert Nozick makes the argument that taxation is akin to forced labor. If a person is required to work for the benefit of others against his or her will, then Nozick suggests the labor is forced. By imposing taxation on people, the U.S. government is forcing them to work for the benefit of others against their wills. Therefore, the U.S. government is subjecting its tax-paying citizens to forced labor. Do you agree? Why or why not?
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