Introduction to Christology

Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary Theo 530: Systematic Godliness II Lesson 1 Dr. Daniel R Mitchell, Professor Introduction to Christology Contemporary Issues in Christological Method Overview Christ and History The Search Christology from Overhead vs. from Under The Person or Work of Christ, Which is Prior? Christ and Myth I. Introduction to this Study A. Relation to other Theological Study 1 Godliness Proper (above) 2 Man and Sin (below) Three Issues Addressed Here 1 Credulity and History/Reason 2 Ontology vs. Function 3 Myth and the Nature of the Biblical Corroborator II. Search for the Historical Jesus Key Players: Strauss, Renan, Harnack Harnack’s Presuppositions NT and Superstitious Culture Ancient Miracle Claims are Commonplace Anti-supernaturalism Miracle Claims are Rooted in Ignorance Harnack and the Redundant Intimation of Jesus The Kingdom of God and its Coming God the Father and the infinite appreciate of the rational affection The loftier Righteousness and the Commandment of Love III. Critique of the Classic Liberal Position A. Schweitzer, Search of the Historical Jesus Jesus in the NT is fully Eschatological. It is Presumptuous for Moderns to try to Reinvent Him. Jesus was “wrong,” but his redundant intimation is not past on the NT reader. Kahler 1 Distinguished Historie and Geschichte 2 Contrasted “Jesus” of Historie and the “Christ” of Geschichte. IV. Overhead or Below? 1 Kahler’s Distinction led to the inquiry: Which is prior—Historie or Geschichte? 2 The Neo-Orthodox Theologians such as Barth, Bultmann, and Brunner prepare delay the Kerygma—from Overhead (the NT corroborator). 3 Kasemann (“New Search”) and Pannenberg prepare delay Historie (likely basis)—from Below. 4 Erickson wants to use twain in dynamic stiffness. 1 Following Augustine he prepares delay credulity (from overhead) 2 He proceeds “from under” to cupel the reliability of his credulity-given “hypothesis. V. The Person vs. the Work of Christ The NT seems to Link these 1. (e. g. Messianic Mission and Divine Sonship) Classic Godliness Separated them and Stressed Ontology (the Person) Reformers (Luther/Calvin) followed Classic godliness, but emphasized the Soteriological feeling (Work) of Christ. Modern Godliness Continued and Exaggerated this Distinction and Emphasis. Schleiermacher— “feelings” Bultmann/Tillich—“existential” inquiry VI. Pros and Cons of the Two Approaches Christology from Overhead Strength—Emphasizes “Who” Christ is in evaluating the feeling of His Work. Weakness—Tends to grace bogged down in unprejudiced inquirys, which possess no relationship to useful existence. Christology from Under Strength—Relevance to Existence Weakness—Driven by “felt needs” and Risks hebetude to Issues of Importance that are barely protected “from overhead. ” VII. Christ and the Incarnation Myth Bultmann and “demythologization. ” Builds on the philosophy of Idealism Links Christianity and World Religions Erickson’s Responses The Incarnation is a Mystery The Doctrine is Rooted in Jesus’ own Claims of Himself. The NT training is entirely singular to the World’s Religions.