Categories for Air pollution

Co-Benefits Analysis of Air Pollution and GHG Emissions for Hyderabad Essay

Co-Benefits Analysis of Air Pollution and GHG Emissions for Hyderabad Essay

In-country research teams, guided by policymakers and assisted by USA counterparts, identify key policy objectives and a range of conventional and innovative policy measures. The team analyzes the potential co-benefits of selected mitigation strategies and makes recommendations that inform policy decisions. Co-benefits analysis, outlined in Figure have primarily focused on estimating the human health benefits resulting from air quality improvements associated with increased use of clean energy technologies and measures. IES analysis could be extended to quantify additional benefits, such as economic development impacts (e.

g. , job creation, trade balance) and reduced traffic congestion.

Pollution Essay Essay

Pollution Essay Essay

Pollution happens absolutely everywhere, every single second of the day, everywhere on earth. It happened in any city, any town, or any state. You can find pollution in cars, home electronics, personal hygiene products, natural disasters, and even your own home. Pollution is poison for anything that lives and breathes; it could toxify water, air, land, humans, and animals, and is not to be taken lightly.

As a law people should be more considerate of their surroundings and try harder to preserve the world we live in, even if it is inconvenient to us.

Because if we don’t save ourselves, who will? The effects we could do to save our planet from pollution could be proactive, instead of catastrophic and disastrous. Everyone benefits when we have clean water, air, land, etc. not just one thing. For example, you never hear any news on the TV, or over the internet talking about how a person passed away from clean air overdose, that would be crazy.

Instead we hear news like, man died from pollution, family living in home pollution, water tests show pollution particles, the list could go on forever. By identifying the problem early, we can start to reverse the pollution process. Therefore, we can take what we have now and set new standards and laws that can help us from killing ourselves in the long run and putting the earth in a more clean state. The problem is, not everyone agrees with the fact that pollution is hurting us right now, or going to hurt us, and new generations to come.

People get this information from insignificant and false sources and then spread that information to others that will willingly listen, without objection. This statement misses the point though; the fact is people are trying to help us now. And even though we might not feel the negative effects, it doesn’t mean it’s not happening to us right now. Some places have higher levels of pollution in their air and water and those people might be in more danger than others, and they might not even know it.

For this reason one person cannot do this by themselves, it needs worldwide effort, from everyone. People need to stop being lazy and do something for themselves, and others. Also people need to start thinking about the future, and not just the year that’s going on right now. To meet these high demands of labor and cost, I think people should be required to carpool with other people a few times a week, or stop using girl products like hairspray and other cans of manmade chemicals and CFC’s that deplete the ozone layer and cause minor but significant pollution.

If people really did try to change something small they do every day, and everyone did it, think of how much good change could happen. And never think just because something’s small, it won’t hurt “As much” because its people like that who chose the worst decisions. Also I’m sure for most objects, or personal hygiene products wouldn’t have a problem changing a few chemicals in their product to make it more people and planet friendly. There have been so many companies and organizations that have helped the earth and have reduced the amount of toxins we use.

People everyday try to come up with new ideas, and strategies to get us where we need to go, and what we need to do, without the harmful effects of chemicals and toxins. So as iv stated many times in this essay, one little person can make a huge difference, but not only one person can do it alone. We all need to try to help to save our environment from pollution for ourselves, and for future generations. And just think, if everyone changed something in their daily routine to make it more planet friendly, how that could turn out to help all of us in the long run.

You may also be interested in the following: effects of pollution essay, effect of pollution essay

Types of pollution Essay

Types of pollution Essay

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into our environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be substances, energies, or naturally occurring. Pollution can be natural and man-made. Natural pollution occurs naturally and does not cause excessive harm to our lives due to its regeneration ability. While the man-made pollution is caused by human activities, and is hard to get rid of. The backbones of man-made pollution are human population and technology.

By the increase of human population, the contact with natural resources is getting more intensive, because needs are increasing. And by the findings and development of new technologies, human can apply them to get the resources. And it is common that new technologies would bring their respective side effects besides their advantages.

Types of pollution

There are four common types of pollution that I know, which are:

Air Pollution
Water Pollution
Land or Soil Pollution
Noise Pollution

Air pollution

Air pollution is indication of disturbances to the composition of compounds in the atmosphere, as it may be summarized as: •excess emission of gases, vapors or air pollutants like carbon particals, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, lead, CFCs into the atmosphere •saturation of chemical compounds or particulates

•emergence of new chemical reactions of reactive and non-biodegradable compounds.

Causes

We can classify major causes of air pollution into the following categories:

•Motor Vehicle Exhaust
•Heat And Power Generation Facilities
•Industrial Processes
•Automobile And Electrical Components Manufacturing
•Fertilizer Plants
•Building Demolition
•Solid Waste Disposal
•Volcanic Eruption
•Fuel Production
•Roadway Construction
•Forest Fires
•Agriculture

Effects

•Global warming- it is an increase in the earth’s atmospheric and oceanic temperatures widely predicted to occur due to an increase in the greenhouse effect. •Acid rain-it is any precipitation, including snow, that contains a heavy concentration of sulfuric and nitric acids. It makes the soil acidic, affects plants and damages buildings, monuments, etc. •Smog-it is a fog made heavier and darker by smoke and chemical fumes.

It is caused due to hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen especially from automobile exhaust •Ozone depletion- the ozone layer in the atmosphere protects us from the harmful ultra violet rays of the sun. However, CFCs, and some other air pollutants that diffuse into the ozone layer, destroy ozone. •Health problems- carbon particles cause respiratory problems, carbon monoxide causes headaches, dizziness, nausea and even death and lead affects the liver, kidney and the alimentary canal and causes mental disorders.

Prevention

Prevention of air pollution:
•Using smokeless sources of energy like smokeless stoves
•use smokeless fuels like biogas and LPG at home and CNG in cars. •Using wet scrubbers and electrostatic precipitators (air pollution control devices) for filtering smoke in chimneys of factories and powerhouses. •Planting more trees that absorb excess CO2 and give out O2. •Locating industries away from residential areas.

•Strictly checking pollution levels in automobiles’ exhaust emission. •Using unleaded petrol.
•Using other sources of energy like wind energy, solar energy and tidal energy.

Water pollution

Water pollution is contamination of water by foreign matter that deteriorates the quality of the water. Water pollution covers pollutions in liquid forms like ocean pollution and river pollution. It involves the release of toxic substances, pathogenic germs, substances that require much oxygen to decompose, easy-soluble substances, radioactivity, etc. that interfere with the condition of aquatic ecosystems.

Causes

We can classify the major causes of water pollution into the following categories:

•Petroleum Products
•Synthetic Agricultural Chemicals(fertilizers, pesticides) •Heavy Metals
•Hazardous Wastes from homes and factories
•Excess Organic Matter
•Infectious Organisms
•Air Pollution
•Soil Pollution

Effects

•Direct disposal of waste into natural waterways causes waste to build up within the water. •When the acid rain falls, it contaminates local natural waterways including streams, rivers and lakes. This causes the death of many aquatic animals. Other animals drinking the water may become ill and die, too. •Thermal pollution occurs when water used to cool hot machinery is released into waterways and the temperature of the water is drastically increased. This temperature change may cause aquatic life to die and numbers to be reduced. Additionally, such a temperature increase decreases the amount of oxygen in water, causing more of a chance of death to organisms.

•Drinking polluted water can cause cholera or typhoid infections, along with diarrhea. The consumption of highly contaminated water can cause injury to the heart and kidneys. •Toxins within water can harm aquatic organisms, thus breaking a link in the food chain. •Causes algae in water. They decrease oxygen in water. Overgrowth of algae and surface life leading to loss of light and nutrients to deep aquatic life. •The erosion of soil into waterways causes flooding, especially with heavy rainfall. •Harms animals when they eat dead fish in contaminated streams.

Prevention

•Treat domestic sewage water and use it to irrigate crops. •Convert sewage sludge to generate biogas
•Use residue from biogas for regeneration as organic manure. •Reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers
•Treat wastewater from industries in effluent treatment plants before disposing them •Reduce consumption of water in industries.

Land or Soil pollution

Soil pollution or land pollution involves the following mechanism: •Deposition of solid waste
•Accumulation of non-biodegradable materials
•Toxification of chemicals into poisons
•Alteration of soil chemical composition (imbalance of chemical equilibrium to soil medium)

Causes

We can classify the major causes of land pollution into the following categories: •Agriculture (pesticides, insecticides)
•Cutting of trees for agriculture, mining, quarrying and constructions •Sewage Sludge
•Dredged Spoils
•Dumping of household waste, industrial waste, non-biodegradable wastes

Effects

•Land pollutions leads to loss in the forest cover of Earth. This is in turn going to affect the amount of rain. Less rains mean lesser vegetation. •One of the biggest threats to the eco-system caused by land pollution is chemical contamination. The biodegrade particles poison the ground itself. Animals eat the plants growing on such grounds and even humans are all affected by these chemicals. •When land pollution is bad enough, it damages the soil.

This means that plants may fail to grow there, robbing the eco-system of a food source for animals. Invasive weeds that choke off the remaining sources of native vegetation can spring up in areas that have been weakened by pollution. •In some cases, pollution can damage the soil to the point that vegetation no longer grows. This may lead to erosion of the soil. •Polluted land has a negative impact on surrounding environments. Land pollution that contaminates soil can also contaminate waterways. Contaminated water that evaporates into the atmosphere can fall back to the earth as acid rain, causing the cycle of contamination and pollution to continue.

Prevention

•Separate wastes into biodegradable and non-biodegradable. •Biodegradable wastes could be used as manure while non-biodegradable wastes should be recycled. •Treat industrial effluents physically, chemically and biologically until they are less harmful. •Use manures or biofertilisation
instead of their chemical alternatives •Use designated pits for dumping of solid wastes.

Noise pollution

Noise pollution means excessive noise in the environment which is annoying and potentially harmful

Causes

•Industries
•Transportation systems
•Construction works
•Loudspeakers
•Entertainment systems

Effects

•Auditory fatigue
•Deafness
•Annoyance
•Loss of working efficiency
•Interference in speech communication
•Physical disorder like stress, nausea, high blood pressure, sleep loss and increase in heartbeats. Preventions

•Turning down the volume of music systems, radios, and televisions so as not to disturb others.

•Ban on loudspeakers in public places

•Creating green belts between residential and industrial sectors.

Conclusion

Pollution is a growing pain. Pollution is not a problem that came suddenly; it’s our fault and has been a part of our life through many years. We must be wise in managing our resources, and take positive action towards preventing any forms of pollution to the environment.