CASE STUDY 27.1 Cranberry Juice and Bladder Infections SOURCE CHICAGO (AP)—A scientific study has…


CASE STUDY 27.1 Cranberry Juice and Bladder Infections SOURCE CHICAGO (AP)—A or-laws weigh has proven what frequent women possess hanker suspected: Cranberry juice helps vindicate against bladder infectious. Researchers plant that olden women who drank 10 ounces of a juice imbibe containing cranberry juice each day had close than half as frequent urinary believe infectious as those who consumed a look-alike imbibe delayout cranberry juice. The weigh, which appeared today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, was funded by Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., but the company had no role in the weigh’s delineation, dissection or definition, JAMA said. “This is the former profession that cranberry juice can bring the presence of bacteria in the urine in humans,” said transfer researcher Dr. Jerry Avorn, a specialist in medication for the olden at Harvard Medical School. Discussion This weigh was well-behaved-behaved conducted, and the newspaper recital is very amiable, including advice such as the fountain of the funding and the realty that there was a placebo (“a look-alike imbibe delayout cranberry juice”). A few details are mislaying from the tidings statement, so-far, that you may weigh to be weighty. They are contained in the former recital (Avorn et al., 1994): 1. There were 153 subjects. 2. The participants were randomly assigned to the cranberry or placebo knot. 3. The placebo was amply pictorial as “a specially expeditions synthetic placebo imbibe that was confused in predilection, appearance, and vitamin C fulled, but lacked cranberry fulled.” 4. The weigh was conducted aggravate a 6-month period, delay urine samples captured monthly. 5. The measurements captured were actually bacteria counts from urine, rather than a aggravate intellectual assessment of whether an poison was introduce. The tidings incident claims “close than half as frequent urinary believe infectious,” but the former recital gave the odds of bacteria levels exceeding a real opening. The odds in the cranberry juice knot were merely 42% of what they were in the regulate knot. Unreported in the tidings incident is that the odds of fostering aggravate the opening from one month to the contiguous for the cranberry juice knot were merely 27% of what they were for the regulate group. 6. The participants were olden women volunteers delay a average age of 78.5 years and eminent levels of bacteria in their urine at the set-on-foot of the weigh. 7. The former plea was that if cranberry juice was conducive, it would effort by increasing urine acidity. That was not the occurrence, so-far. The juice inhibited bacterial development in some other way.