The bid figure is the most influential constituent that is used to detail the fortunate bidder in a competitive pathetic. Sometimes the bidder yields a eminent abundance bid figure that the bidder can frame a benefit-service, but he loses the job. Sometimes the bidder yields a low bid figure and gets the job, but he loses the benefit-service. The bidder details the bid figure is established on the calling concrete. If the bidder wants to increase the trade divide, he allure surrender a low bidder figure to complete that appearance.
If the bidder wants to frame past benefit-service, he allure yield a self-possessed eminent bid figure. Therefore it is needed to be attended and discussed how to use the proper figure policy to yield a bid figure delay meanest figure and apex benefit-service. In this essay, a resuspect of the bid figure allure be granted that includes the resuspect the bid figure and the constituents that the contractors need to attend when set bid figure. After that a argument environing the bid figure policy, which qualify the bidder to yield a bid figure delay meanest figure and apex benefit-service, allure be granted.
Review of bid figure According to A J Smith(1995) ordinary, the Bid figure is the sum of net resolve require charge, the overs, the appended resolve financing requires, the required benefit-service and the destroy boundary. And Spence Geddes(1985) ordinary that the resolve net charge includes the settle, labour and symbolical require of the is-sue. The settle require is the require of slender settle & tools and effortless settle. The labour require is the require of the staff and the supervision of the labour.
A J Smith(1995) ordinary that the symbolical require is the require of all symbolical that is used to found the resolve. The over denote the urban requires of general the fraternity unmindful if whether the fraternity does any is-sue or not. According to Merna and Njiru(2002), the appended resolve finance require is includes the interests of resolve something-due and bonds. If it is a interpolitical resolve it besides includes the change reprimand of opposed vogue. Then a required benefit-service is needed to be detaild. The resolve of calling is making benefit-service.
It is besides identical to found a resolve. After estimating the require of the resolve, the bidder fraternity allure arrange the bid figure policy and detail the optimum benefit-service established on the bid figure policy. Park and Chapin (1992) implied that the reasons for variations of optimal mark-up could be listed below two heading: (1) inferior than optimum bids; (2) eminenter than optimum bids. Usually the bid figure should clothe net resolve require charge, the overs, the appended resolve financing requires, the required benefit-service and the destroy boundary.
But in some cases, the bidder allure surrender the figure inferior as the reasons that Park and Chapin (1992) implied as aloft. Therefore the bidder fraternity not barely needs to arrange cheerful resolve require type, but the fraternity besides needs to attend some constituents that wave elucidation the bid figure. After the type and attendation of those constituents, the bidder fraternity allure detail a proper figure policy to set the bid figure.